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, Tartar
a. a member of a Mongoloid people who under Genghis Khan established a vast and powerful state in central Asia from the 13th century until conquered by Russia in 1552
b. a descendant of this people, now scattered throughout Russia but living chiefly in the Tatar Republic
2. any of the languages spoken by the present-day Tatars, belonging to various branches of the Turkic family of languages, esp Kazan Tatar



the language of the Tatars, spoken mainly in the Tatar, Bashkir, Chuvash, and Mordovian ASSR’s and in several oblasts of the RSFSR. There are approximately 5 million speakers of Tatar (1970 census).

Tatar belongs to the Kipchak branch of the Turkic languages and has three main dialects. Central, or middle, Tatar is spoken by most of the population of the Tatar ASSR, the Kazan Tatars. Western, or Mishari, Tatar is spoken by the Tatars living along the Middle Volga. The eastern Tatar dialect is spoken by the Siberian Tatars.

The modern Tatar literary language evolved from Old Tatar in the mid-19th century. The phonetic features of Tatar include incompletely formed vowels; the correspondence of Tatar [i], [u], and [ü] to Common Turkic [e], [o], and [ö]; and a labialized [å] in the first syllable of polysyllabic words and in monosyllabic words. Morphological features include noun categories of number, possession, attribution, predication, and case. Tatar has a single declension type, and adjectives are not declined. There are six categories of numbers. Verbs have categories of negation, voice, and degree and are conjugated by person and number in all moods.

The Tatar written language was based on the Arabic script until 1927 and then on the Roman alphabet. Since 1939, Tatar has been based on the Russian alphabet.


Sovremennyi tatarskii literaturnyi iazyk[parts 1–2]. Moscow, 1969–71.
Tatarsko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1966.
Alparov, G. Saylanma khezmätlär. Kazan, 1945.
Khangil’din, V. N. Tatar tele grammatikasï. Kazan, 1959.


(human language)
A Turkic language spoken by about five million Tatars in Russia, Ukraine, Turkey and elsewhere; the official language of the Republic of Tatarstan (Russian Federation).

language codes: tt, tat.
References in periodicals archive ?
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- Marking the 71st anniversary of the deportation of more than 2 million Crimean Tatars by the Soviet Union upon orders from former Soviet leader Joseph Stalin in a statement released on May 18, President Recep Tayyip Erdoy-an has criticized violations of Crimean Tatars' cultural rights following the annexation of the peninsula by Russia.
Tatar was accompanied by a Turkish Cypriot deputy from Iskele, Ahmet Zengin of the National Unity Party (UBP).
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Ukrenergo are allowed access to the one pylon, they have started their work," Lenur Islamov, the leader of the Tatar blockade, told TV channel 112 on Tuesday, referring to Ukraine's state energy supplier.
Mustafa Cemiloy-lu, former leader of the Crimea Tatar Majlis and acting leader of Tatars on behalf of the Ukrainian president, said the Ukrainian Defense Ministry will establish a Muslim Brigade to control human trafficking and transportation of goods near conflict zones.
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There they brutally tortured the teenager to the extent that his leg and arms were fractured besides other wounds on his body, Wassu Mai told newsmen at the funeral of his son at Mauza Tatar in tehsil Jampur where the deceased was laid to rest after his Namaz-e-Janaza today.
During the analysis of consonant combinations in intervocalic position in Tatar and Russian languages, we considered the consonant combinations between vowels, and revealed that, first of all, it is necessary to turn attention to syllable boundary in Russian and Tatar languages.
But when Temujin was about 10, Yesugei was killed by Tatars.
Tatar speakers are more likely to be Muslim and the Russian speakers, Russian Orthodox.
It's the first test with species that evolved under natural conditions," says senescence researcher Mare Tatar of Brown University in Providence, R.
But the influence of fairytales, as Maria Tatar tells us in the preface to this collection, is evident all around us in the modern, 'adult' world in films like Working Girl and Pretty Woman, as well as in music and advertising, and their roots in stories like those written down by Wilhelm and Jacob Grimm make this annotated version of their tales as fascinating to parents as the traditionally presented ones are to their children.