Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.


, Tartar
a. a member of a Mongoloid people who under Genghis Khan established a vast and powerful state in central Asia from the 13th century until conquered by Russia in 1552
b. a descendant of this people, now scattered throughout Russia but living chiefly in the Tatar Republic
2. any of the languages spoken by the present-day Tatars, belonging to various branches of the Turkic family of languages, esp Kazan Tatar



the language of the Tatars, spoken mainly in the Tatar, Bashkir, Chuvash, and Mordovian ASSR’s and in several oblasts of the RSFSR. There are approximately 5 million speakers of Tatar (1970 census).

Tatar belongs to the Kipchak branch of the Turkic languages and has three main dialects. Central, or middle, Tatar is spoken by most of the population of the Tatar ASSR, the Kazan Tatars. Western, or Mishari, Tatar is spoken by the Tatars living along the Middle Volga. The eastern Tatar dialect is spoken by the Siberian Tatars.

The modern Tatar literary language evolved from Old Tatar in the mid-19th century. The phonetic features of Tatar include incompletely formed vowels; the correspondence of Tatar [i], [u], and [ü] to Common Turkic [e], [o], and [ö]; and a labialized [å] in the first syllable of polysyllabic words and in monosyllabic words. Morphological features include noun categories of number, possession, attribution, predication, and case. Tatar has a single declension type, and adjectives are not declined. There are six categories of numbers. Verbs have categories of negation, voice, and degree and are conjugated by person and number in all moods.

The Tatar written language was based on the Arabic script until 1927 and then on the Roman alphabet. Since 1939, Tatar has been based on the Russian alphabet.


Sovremennyi tatarskii literaturnyi iazyk[parts 1–2]. Moscow, 1969–71.
Tatarsko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1966.
Alparov, G. Saylanma khezmätlär. Kazan, 1945.
Khangil’din, V. N. Tatar tele grammatikasï. Kazan, 1959.


(human language)
A Turkic language spoken by about five million Tatars in Russia, Ukraine, Turkey and elsewhere; the official language of the Republic of Tatarstan (Russian Federation).

language codes: tt, tat.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2017, Lithuania provided financial assistance for the integration of forcibly displaced persons, support to women and Tatar television programmes.
Addressing the event, chief culinary specialist at Azerbaijan Culinary Center Tunzala Mammadova delivered a greeting from the center's general director, the President of Azerbaijan Culinary Asociation Tahir Amiraslanov on the occasion of Day of Tatar cuisine.
Another, probably taken in the 1920s, is of Tatar families, smartly dressed around two tables, ready for a Halloween party.
In a statement, the embassy of Ukraine here Friday demanded from the Russian Federation to release Ahtem Ciygoz, to stop repressions against Crimean Tatars and Ukrainians on the territory of the occupied Crimea and to restore the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine.
The post Crimean Tatar leader jailed for stirring anti-Russia protests appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
maintain their rich traditions, and Tatar remains an official language
The official name of the republic was coined as the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (TASSR), which was formed in 1920 after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.
For this reason, Mikhail allegedly followed his son in running away from the Tatars, then did not dare go to Kiev: "bezha ot s(y)nou svoem" pered" Tatary Ougry" (he [Mikhail] fled from the Tatars to Hungary, following in the footsteps of his son), and "za strakh" Tatar'skyi ne sine iti Kyevou" (he did not dare go to Kiev because of his fear of the Tatars).
She is also the Caretaker and a third generation American-Baltic Tatar who can trace her ancestral roots back to the little town of Iwie in Belarus.
Last year, the authorities shut down a number of Crimean Tatar media outlets, and last week were reported to have also blocked Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty's Crimea news website.
Mohammad Alam Mostafa has made the translation into the Tatar language.
The authorities are trying to ban the Mejilis, which for 25 years has been in existence and represents the Crimean Tatar people," said Alim Aliev, co-founder of the group Crimea SOS, which has been assisting people seeking to relocate from Crimea.