Tauride Palace


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Tauride Palace

 

(in Leningrad), an example of Russian classical architecture.

The Tauride Palace was built in the period 1783–89 for Prince G. A. Potemkin (architect I. E. Starov; several structures in the palace area by the architect F. I. Volkov) and was intended for ceremonial receptions and festive occasions. Damaged by fire, it was restored between 1802 and 1804 (architects L. Ruska, K. I. Rossi, and V. P. Stasov; mural paintings by G. B. Scotti, 1819).

The palace consists of three separate buildings. The central building, whose interior has been partially restored, has an octagonal domed hall and the Great Gallery, with a double Ionic colonnade. The two auxiliary buildings are situated on either side of the main courtyard and are joined to the central building by connecting wings. In front of the main entrance at one time there was a moorage, which was faced with stone and connected with the Neva by a canal.

From 1906 to 1917 the meetings of the State Duma were held at the Tauride Palace, in a specially constructed meeting room on the site of the winter garden. After the February Revolution of 1917, the Petrograd Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies was housed in the palace’s left wing until its move to Smol’nyi in August; the Provisional Committee of the State Duma met in the right wing. The bourgeois Provisional Government met in the Tauride Palace until its move to the Winter Palace in July. On April 4 (17), at a meeting of Bolshevik participants in the All-Russian Congress of Soviets that was held in the palace, V. I. Lenin delivered the report “The Tasks of the Proletariat in the Present Revolution” (the “April Theses”).

Numerous popular demonstrations were held in front of the Tauride Palace. On Jan. 5 (18), 1918, the Constituent Assembly met in the palace. The Third All-Russian Congress of Soviets and the Seventh Congress of the RCP(B) were held in the palace in January and March 1918, respectively. The Second Congress of the Communist International, at which Lenin presented a report, began its work in the palace in July.

After the Great Patriotic War (1941–45), the Tauride Palace was restored. The palace now houses the Leningrad Higher Party School.

References in periodicals archive ?
The joint session of the boards of the investigation committees of Armenia, Belarus, and Russia took place in the Tauride Palace, Saint Petersburg.
Back in the early days of the Russian revolution, rival wings of the Tauride Palace were used for both the provisional government and the soviets, divided along the right and left wings.
A presentation of the National Centres for Languages and Cultures of the Commonwealth of Independent States was held in the Dome Hall of the Tauride Palace on March 11 in Moscow.
In March 1905, Diaghilev organised an immense 'Exhibition of Historic Russian Portraits' at St Petersburg's Tauride Palace, accompanied by an eight-volume catalogue.
They came to the Tauride Palace, where the Duma sat, it was claimed, thinking that the Duma alone could issue laws to solve the country's problems.
27) At the Tauride Palace a crowd of 6,000 gathered to greet deputies.
This explained another major Trudovik tactic: to use the Tauride Palace as a stage from which to speak directly to the narod that had to be further aroused and crucially organized.
Here it was noted that the Tauride Palace was not a talking shop but the centre of thoughtful and considered discussion.
However on the night of 9 July the Tauride Palace was closed, surrounded by soldiers, and an announcement of the Duma's closure pinned onto its doors.
This brought forth numerous objections from the Tauride Palace.
On March 19, about 40,000 people--in the words of journalist Liubov Gurevich, "factory workers and women doctors, medics and writers, maids and students, telegraph operators and nurses"--descended on the Tauride Palace, where both the Provisional Government and the Petrograd Soviet, the competing centers of power in revolutionary Russia, were meeting.
The fate of the October Manifesto was determined by developments that unfolded in the halls and backrooms of both the Winter and Tauride Palaces.