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a message text transmitted by telegraph. Communications agencies may receive telegrams from individuals, institutions, or organizations.

Telegrams are classified as domestic or international; domestic telegrams may be intercity or local (within a given population center). According to the stages of transmission, telegrams are classified as outgoing, transit, and incoming. The processing priority determines the classification of telegrams into several categories (seeCATEGORY TELEGRAM).

In the USSR telegrams may be sent over a general public network or over a teletypewriter exchange network. Each type of network has a specific telegram-processing technology. For example, in a general public network, depending on the means used to automate the retransmission of telegrams at switching centers, telegrams may be handled via direct circuits, by code switching, or by means of perforated tapes that are torn off and transferred. Telegrams are processed according to their type and category.

In the USSR special rules establish the order in which telegrams are processed when they are received from the sender at terminal points, transmitted to destination points, and delivered to addressees. For maximum convenience, the rules allow the possibility of the following services: telegrams sent to multiple addresses, return notification of delivery, certified signature of the sender or certification of the information contained in the telegram, translations, letter (mail) telegrams, and photographic telegrams. The text of the telegram may be written in Russian, English, French, German, or the languages of the Soviet peoples and autonomous republics. Russian words appearing in the texts of international telegrams may be written in letters of the Latin alphabet.

Communications agencies are responsible for the accuracy and timely processing of telegrams in compliance with the Communications Rules of the USSR.


References in classic literature ?
A most urgent telegram was dispatched to you from London by Godfrey Staunton at six-fifteen yesterday evening--a telegram which is undoubtedly associated with his disappearance-- and yet you have not had it.
This was the telegram which you appear in some inexplicable way to have seen.
We were fairly accustomed to receive weird telegrams at Baker Street, but I have a particular recollection of one which reached us on a gloomy February morning, some seven or eight years ago, and gave Mr.
I said I had not seen Raffles since one o'clock, telling the truth with unction while I could; even as we spoke there came a knock at the door; it was the telegram at last, and, after reading it himself, the Queenslander handed it to me.
Yours is the first reply I have received; people who can afford to send long telegrams don't rush to the advertisements in the Daily Telegraph; but, on the other hand, I was not quite prepared to hear from men like yourselves.
THE " death of distance" in the wake of the mobile phone and internet revolution has finally brought about the demise of the country's 160- year- old telegram service.
He looked after the telegram lads for 30 years or more.
In this story, James plays with the perspective of his unnamed telegraphist as an authorial presence and stresses the telegram as a form of modern communication that is crucially shaped by the material conditions of its production in which words can only travel after the exchange of coins.
Gaddafi told Obama in the telegram, the White Book, Isratine, should be adopted as a means to resolve the conflict and that he should "abandon the laughable initiatives that advocates the two-state solution.
The premier this morning received the telegram from (Mohammed) Naji Otri wishing him success after the formation of the cabinet," said the aide, who did not wish to be identified.
In the days before mobile phones, texts and emails, telegram messenger boys were the first to dispatch important information by foot, bicycle or motorcycle.
When she opened and read the telegram, she became hysterical and ran out the front door and down the middle of the street screaming and waving the telegram and hollering over and over again, "Oh no