IBM 3270

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IBM 3270

A class of terminals made by IBM known as "Display Devices", normally used to talk to IBM mainframes. The 3270 attempts to minimise the number of I/O interrupts required by accepting large blocks of data, known as datastreams, in which both text and control (or formatting functions) are interspersed allowing an entire screen to be "painted" as a single output operation. The concept of "formatting" in these devices allows the screen to be divided into clusters of contiguous character cells for which numerous attributes (color, highlighting, character set, protection from modification) can be set. Further, using a technique known as 'Read Modified' the changes from any number of formatted fields that have been modified can be read as a single input without transferring any other data, another technique to enhance the terminal throughput of the CPU.

The 3270 had twelve, and later twenty-four, special Programmed Function Keys, or PF keys. When one of these keys was pressed, it would cause the device to generate an I/O interrupt and present a special code identifying which key was pressed. Application program functions such as termination, page-up, page-down or help could be invoked by a single key-push, thereby reducing the load on very busy processors.

A version of the IBM PC called the "3270 PC" was released in October 1983. It included 3270 terminal emulation.

tn3270 is modified version of Telnet which acts as a 3270 terminal emulator and can be used to connect to an IBM computer over a network.

See also broken arrow.
References in periodicals archive ?
PacketMotion's PacketSentry solution creates an audit trail of every mainframe screen accessed via Telnet 3270 (TN3270) as well as what was entered on each screen by individual users.
Kiosk mode enables users to securely access Citrix(R) ICA(R), Remote Desktop, SSH, Telnet 3270 emulator, VNC servers and any other Web-based network resource using Web-enabled handhelds, laptops, desktops or Internet kiosks, whose browsers support SSL in Java(TM) or Windows(R) environments.
Furthermore, Telnet 3270 (TN3270) protocols enable TCP/IP mode access to IBM MVS and GCOS applications, via the MainWay ONP.
Bundled with the Gateway product is the TN3270 server, which enables UNIX-based Telnet 3270 emulators to access the mainframe via SNA instead of TCP/IP.