Temperance Movement

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Temperance Movement

 

(Russian, trezvennichestvo), a religious sectarian movement that arose in Russia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries among the urban petite bourgeoisie. Followers of the temperance movement strove for religious and moral perfection and for “salvation of the soul” through abstention from drinking, smoking, and other vices.

The tenets of the movement included belief in the “beneficial power” of the “prophets” (leaders of temperance groups and sects). The movement was characterized by superstitions, charlatanism, and the staging of “miraculous healings.” A number of temperance sects were named for their leaders; examples are the Churikovtsy, Koloskovtsy, Anisimovtsy, and Mironovtsy.

After the October Revolution of 1917, as a result of the sharp decline in the number of religious believers in the USSR, the number of followers of the temperance movement decreased considerably. There are still a few followers in some regions of the RSFSR.

References in periodicals archive ?
A similar passage can be found in a nearby description of the Pundita Ramabai Saraswati, a high-caste Indian feminist who was renowned in the United States for her beauty, her conversion from Hinduism to Christianity, her veganism, and most of all for her support for temperance organizations.
11) Although mainstream temperance organizations and
contemporaneous temperance organizations, especially in their work
with untapped potential for temperance organizations by publishing a
In the mid-1960s a quarter of the party members were also members of the party's temperance organizations, and the situation of the Social Democrats was very similar (Helander, 1969, 96-97).
Besides an array of temperance organizations, a reformist clique called the "puritan liberals" emerged on the Saint John common council who were committed to temperance and purity in public life.
109) These temperance entertainments were attended by a number of women, who also joined the ranks of the temperance organizations.
Therefore the first seven Links members were gathered from these temperance organizations as well as from the earlier mentioned Oxford Group Team.
Twenty societies that for a long time had had close relations with the different temperance organizations (the minutes from the national congress in 1958) opposed this paragraph and claimed that each individual had the right to decide for him/herself.