banjo

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banjo,

stringed musical instrument, with a body resembling a tambourine. The banjo consists of a hoop over which a skin membrane is stretched; it has a long, often fretted neck and four to nine strings, which are plucked with a pick or the fingers. Originally made from a gourd and animal skin, it was brought by slaves to the Caribbean, then to America (by 1688) from W Africa; similar instruments are also found in the Middle East and Far East. Frets, a metal ring, and other additions changed the instrument until it reached its modern appearance and characteristic sound. It was played in minstrel shows in the 19th cent. It is used in Southern folk music, in country and western musiccountry and western music,
American popular music form originating in the Southeast (country music) and the Southwest and West (western music). The two regional styles coalesced in the 1920s when recorded material became available in rural areas, and they were further
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, and, because of its incisive, percussive quality, as a rhythm or a solo instrument in Dixieland bands.

Bibliography

See L. Dubois, The Banjo (2016).

Banjo

 

pizzicato string instrument akin to the guitar. The body is in the shape of a flat tambourine with a skin diaphragm. It has four to nine strings. The sharp, harsh, quickly fading sound is produced with a plectrum. Around the 17th century it was brought from Western Africa to the USA, where it was widely used by Negroes for accompaniment to singing and for solo playing. In the 19th century it was improved: the five-string banjo appeared, and stops on the neck came into use. Varieties of banjos of different sizes and pitches are used in jazz.

banjo

a stringed musical instrument with a long neck (usually fretted) and a circular drumlike body overlaid with parchment, plucked with the fingers or a plectrum
References in periodicals archive ?
Their mainly traditional Celtic repertoire features Davey on guitar, mandolin, mando-cello and his trademark instrument, the tenor banjo.
PAUL McCAHY Steel-string Guitar' MARK O'MAHONY Lead Vocals' CONRAD LIDDY Double Bass' SUZANNE MULCAHY Fiddle' DARRAGH KILROY Squeezy Box' DAVE HOLDEN Tenor Banjo, Steel-string Guitar' BARRY O'MAHONY Tenor Vocals
The five-string instrument nevertheless was largely supplanted in most circles by the tenor banjo (the banjo of ragtime and jazz), but it did survive in regular use played in clawhammer style (the continuation of minstrel-style performance) in rural areas, where it would be available for revival later in the twentieth century--but that is beyond the purview of this volume.
Cut from the same mold as the Dreseden Dolls and the somewhat wilder Gogol Bordello, Amour Obsure's music is an interactive experience, one listeners can easily immerse themselves in, and with its cacophony of accordion, vocals, accordion, upright bass, trombone, mandolin, tenor banjo, percussion and gorgeous, smoky vocals, this is music very much worth soaking in.
2) The inner pages present the score, consisting of a separate staff for the melody with lyrics printed below it, a piano accompaniment, and chord diagrams or symbols usually intended for the ukulele, but sometimes for tenor banjo or guitar.
Printed on its inner pages, however, are five instrumental parts for tenor banjo solo, Hawaiian guitar solo, and three ranges of saxophone--C melody, E-flat alto, and B-flat tenor, which are also playable by other instruments of similar ranges, as a note in the score suggests.
Annie Growler's accordion and tin whistle playing and Darcy Growler's mandolin and tenor banjo further add to the Celtic lilt in The Swaggerin' Growlers' sound.
It was in Sweden, at Ethno camp, an international gathering of young folk musicians, that she first met Damien, a young Irishman who specialised in tenor banjo, guitar and vocals and who, coincidentally, was based in Newcastle as one of the first students on the new folk and traditional music degree course at the university.
Singer, guitarist, tenor banjo wizard and writer of excellent songs, Davey worked with the Furey brothers for 16 years before striking out on his own in 1992.
The band providing the music in the Blue Goose Hall in Maine, for example, plays "You're a Grand Old Flag" with the Dixieland sound of saxophone, trumpet, tenor banjo, piano, and snare drum while the crowd dances in contradance formation.
I wanted an instrument I could play tunes on that wasn't a tenor banjo that could also accompany songs without sounding like a guitar, and when I took it out, a lot of other musicians realised they also wanted one.
The group also featured instrumental breaks on twin fiddles, tenor banjo, guitar, the first electric steel guitar, and piano, and were improvisations or takeoffs.