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Teraina(tĕrī`nə), atoll (1990 pop. 936), 3 sq mi (7.8 sq km), central Pacific, one of the Line IslandsLine Islands
or Equatorial Islands,
coral group, 43 sq mi (111 sq km), central and S Pacific. Once valuable for their guano deposits, the islands now have coconut groves, airfields, and meteorological stations.
..... Click the link for more information. and part of the Republic of KiribatiKiribati
, officially Republic of Kiribati (2015 est. pop. 112,000), 342 sq mi (886 sq km), consisting of 33 islands scattered across 2,400 mi (3,860 km) of the Pacific Ocean near the equator.
..... Click the link for more information. . Visited by the American explorer Edmund FanningFanning, Edmund,
1769–1841, American trader, explorer, and promoter of trade and exploration in the South Seas, b. Stonington, Conn. At the age of 14 he went to sea. In command of a trading vessel, he realized a large profit from an expedition in 1797–98.
..... Click the link for more information. in 1798, it was annexed by Great Britain in 1889 and became part of the colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands in 1916. Formerly called Prospect Island and then Washington Island, the atoll's name was changed to Teraina after Kiribati gained independence in 1979. Copra is the major export.