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Geographic (Territorial) Division of Labor


the division of labor among particular geographic areas, expressed in the specialization of these areas in the production of particular types of industrial output, agricultural products, or services. It is a form of the social division of labor and obeys the laws of the latter’s development, which are determined by the method of production. The geographic (territorial) division of labor is directly related to the territorial location of public production to the extent that there is exchange of the results of productive activity among different areas.

By the territorial scope of economic relationships, geographic (territorial) division of labor is divided into the division of labor among particular populated points located within the boundaries of one region (local division of labor), among economic regions of different size (regional division of labor), and among countries (international division of labor). Regional and international division of labor under current conditions are complex in nature and usually encompass an enormous number of different types of products being exchanged. Single-commodity specialization or limitation to two or three types of output is encountered primarily in former or retained colonies.

In the socialist countries the geographic (territorial) division of labor is planned.

The appearance and development of the geographic (territorial) division of labor are conditioned by the economic effect produced by concentrating production in a particular area because of the general economic advantages of large-scale production or because of particularly favorable natural or economic conditions in the area. The influence of natural conditions is reflected most strongly in the specialization of areas in the extraction industry, agriculture, and tourism and health resorts.

The development of the geographic (territorial) division of labor is closely related to developing the transportation network and reducing the cost of transporting raw and processed materials, fuel, power, and finished output.


References in periodicals archive ?
To challenge this perception, Milk Link has been working with chefs on recipes using territorials and is launching a website to introduce shoppers to cooking with them.
Cheddar brand Pilgrims Choice, meanwhile, hopes the launch of its new range of branded territorials earlier this year will boost the category's profile.
Cannons were fired across the nation's capitals to mark the centenary launch - TA100, a major campaign to acknowledge the contribution of Territorial soldiers since 1908.
Founded by War Secretary Richard Haldane on April 1 1908, Territorial Army soldiers first saw action in World War I.
Locally, the Royal Warwickshire Regiment raised four battalions of Territorials, which became the Regiment's 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th Battalions.
Ultimately responsible to the War Office, the Territorials were administered locally by county associations.
The midday ceremony will be at Alexandra Gardens, Cathays Park, and the 21 shots will be fired by members of the Territorial Army, based in Cardiff and Newport.
THE Territorial Army (TA) is composed mostly of part-time soldiers who are paid at the same rate, while engaged on military activities, as their regular equivalents.
The company hopes the move will reinvigorate the territorials category, which has been struggling amid deep-cut promotions on Cheddar.
Pilgrims Choice's three new territorials - Red Leicester, Wensleydale and Double Gloucester (rsp [pounds sterling]3.
The heavy promotional activity seen recently for Cheddar has left its mark, not least because the biggest-selling territorials - Red Leicester and Double Gloucester - are often perceived as being interchange-able with Cheddar.
Territorial Savings Bank has had a reputation for meeting our customers' banking needs since our founding in 1921," said Robert Costa, senior vice president, Territorial Savings Bank.