Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs,

an early Jewish work, with some Christian interpolations, reckoned among the Old Testament PseudepigraphaPseudepigrapha
[Gr.,=things falsely ascribed], a collection of early Jewish and some Jewish-Christian writings composed between c.200 B.C. and c.A.D. 200, not found in the Bible or rabbinic writings.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The work may have been written as early as 1st cent. B.C. It purports to be the final sayings ("Testaments") of the 12 patriarchs, i.e., the 12 sons of Jacob, to their respective families. They each reflect on the meaning of life and the sins which they have committed. Many of the Testaments espouse apocalyptic theology, teaching an ethical dualism similar to the Dead Sea ScrollsDead Sea Scrolls,
ancient leather and papyrus scrolls first discovered in 1947 in caves on the NW shore of the Dead Sea. Most of the documents were written or copied between the 1st cent. B.C. and the first half of the 1st cent. A.D.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See J. H. Charlesworth, ed., The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha (Vol. I, 1983).

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs have Jewish sources that were utilized in the Christian compositions of the Testaments that are extant.
PHILO, JOSEPHUS, AND THE TESTAMENTS ON SEXUALITY: ATTITUDES TOWARDS SEXUALITY IN THE WRITINGS OF PHILO AND JOSEPHUS AND IN THE TESTAMENTS OF THE TWELVE PATRIARCHS
The case that Jehovah destroyed Sodom because of inhospitality can indeed be plausibly deduced from the Hebrew scriptures, but that interpretation was certainly abandoned during the intertestamental period (that is, between the canonization of the Old Testament around 200 BCE and that of the New Testament, around 200 CE), in such texts as the Book of Jubilees, the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, and the Secrets of Enoch.
He spends considerable effort in demonstrating the unity of 3:13-4:10 under the theme of envy, drawing connections to Hellenistic literature and especially the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, but I wonder if it is worth the effort.
Much more unexpected, at least to many, will be the contention that both Trinity and Incarnation are to be detected in pre-Christian Judaism, for instance in Philo, in 1 Enoch, and in the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs.
Many "apocalyptic" works were written in the two centuries before and after the turn of the era, books such as 1 Enoch, The Book of Jubilees, The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs.
The analyzed prayers come from additions to Esther, Judith, Jubilees, Susanna, Tobit, Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum, Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, the Testament of Job, Joseph and Asenath, Third Maccabees, the works of Philo of Alexandria, Fourth Maccabees, Second Baruch, Fourth Ezra, Sibylline Oracles, and the Writings of Josephus.
Missing too from Qumran are the Similitudes and the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, which Boccaccini, unlike M.
It is a tribute to Professor Marinus de Jonge's concern for Christian theology that, although he is a world authority on the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, this Festschrift is about Christology and is often in dialogue with his own work in that field.
Puech relates aspects of the very fragmentary and small manuscript 4QTestament of Judah (4Q538) to the Testament of Judah of the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs.
In the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs he demonstrates that illness is connected to sin and health to virtue, often in a very direct way as in the case of Gad whose illness lasts for the same amount of time as his sin, and yet a feature of the Testaments is their stress on the mercy of God.
In my monograph on the figure of Joseph in the Testaments (Joseph as an Ethical Model in the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs (Leiden, 1981)), however, I called attention to the many similarities between the two stories and their meaning within the whole of T.