Tetraodontidae


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Tetraodontidae

 

(puffers), a family of fish of the order Plectognathi (or Tetraodontiformes). The fused jaw bones form plates that resemble four teeth. The skin is covered with spines or is naked. The pelvic fins are absent, and the pectoral fins are well developed, allowing the Tetraodontidae to move backward as well as forward. The stomach has saclike outgrowths that, when filled with air or water, make the fish resemble prickly balls.

The family comprises 19 genera, with more than 90 species. The Tetraodontidae are distributed in subtropical and tropical seas. There are four freshwater genera, including the most common genus Tetraodon. The meat of the Tetraodontidae is very tasty and is highly prized in the countries of the Far East. The skin, peritoneum, liver, and gonads are poisonous.

REFERENCE

Zhizh’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
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The most heavily represented family was the Serranidae, followed by the Monacanthidae, Pomacentridae, Labridae, Carangidae, Scorpaenidae, Tetraodontidae, and Chaetodontidae.
1 -- -- 1 Microdesmidae Gunnellichthys monostigma 1 -- -- 1 Tetraodontidae Torquigener pleurogramma -- 1 -- 1 Totals 1880 968 810 3658 Table 2 Results of repeated-measures ANOVAs for significant differences in numbers of species and number of individuals (/[m.
2 Etropus crossotus Paralichthys orbignyanus Tetraodontidae Sphoeroides greeleyi Sphoeroides testudineus 0.
Numerical dominant families found in mangrove surveys included juveniles of Lutjanidae (snapper), Gerreidae (mojarra) and Chaetodontidae (butterflyfish), and resident habitat specialists such as Tetraodontidae (pufferfish) and Rivulidae (killifish).
Dentro de los peces destacan las familias Pomacanthidae (Pomacanthus zonipectus, Holacanthus passer), Pomacentridae (Chromis atrilobata, Stegastes rectifraenum, Microspathodon dorsalis, Abudefduf troschelii), Acanthuridae (Acanthurus xanthopterus), Labridae (Thalassoma lucasanum, Bodianus diplotaenia), Tetraodontidae (Arothron meleagris), Hippocampinae (Hippocampus ingens) y dentro de los invertebrados destacan los crustaceos de las familias Hippolytidae (Lysmata californica), Gnathophyllidae (Gnathophyllum panamense), Stenopodidae (Stenopus sp.
Las especies de la familia Tetraodontidae habitan el litoral tropical y subtropical, aunque algunas especies estan confinadas en aguas someras sobre fondos arenosos o fangosos (Bohlke & Chaplin 1993, Randall 1996, Smith-Vaniz et al.
1 Synodontidae Synodus foetens Tetraodontidae Sphoeroides greeleyi Sphoeroides testudineus Triglidae Prionotus nudigula Day tides Night tides Family Mid- Sub- % High Mid- Low rising total falling Albulidae 1 1 0.
lenguada Cyclopsetta querna (Jordan & lenguada Bollman, 1890) Syacium latifrons (Jordan & lenguada Gilbert, 1882) Bothidae Bothus leopardinus (Gunther, 1862) lenguada Achiridae Achirus scutum (Gunther, 1862) lenguada Trinectes fonsecensis (Gunther, 1862) lenguada TETRAODONTIFORMES Balistidae Balistes poliylepis Steindachner, sosuma, pejecuero 1876 Pseudobalistes naufragium (Jordan porro porro, & Starks, 1895) Sufflamen verres (Gilbert & Starks, 1904) Tetraodontidae Arothron hispidus (Linnaeus, 1758) tamborero Arothron meleagris (Bloch & tamborero Schneider, 1801) Canthigaster punctatissima tamborero (Gunther, 1870) Sphoeroides sp.