U Thant

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Thant, U

(o͞o thänt), 1909–74, Burmese diplomat, secretary-general of the United NationsUnited Nations
(UN), international organization established immediately after World War II. It replaced the League of Nations. In 1945, when the UN was founded, there were 51 members; 193 nations are now members of the organization (see table entitled United Nations Members).
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 (1962–72). Educated at University College, Yangon, he later held positions in education, the press, and broadcasting. He was with the Burmese ministry of information (1949–57) and served as chairman of the Burmese delegation to the United Nations from 1947. In 1953 he was appointed Burma's permanent representative to the United Nations.

Thant succeeded Dag HammarskjöldHammarskjöld, Dag
, 1905–61, Swedish statesman, secretary-general of the United Nations (1953–61). He attended the universities of Uppsala and Stockholm (Ph.D., 1934).
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 as acting secretary-general of the United Nations in 1961 and was elected secretary-general in 1962. In the early years of his tenure, he was deeply involved in the settlement of major international disputes, including the transfer of Netherlands New Guinea (now Papua and West Papua prov.) to Indonesia (1962); the removal of Soviet missiles from Cuba (1962); the resolution of the civil war in the Congo in 1963; the establishment of a peacekeeping force on Cyprus (1964); and the achievement of a cease-fire in the 1965 India-Pakistan War.

Elected to a second term in 1966, U Thant had less success in dealing with the major crises of this later period, which included the Vietnam War, the Middle East crisis, and another India-Pakistan War (1971), among others. This declining role in international peacekeeping was offset by a greatly increased UN involvement in the economic and social development of the Third World countries, which by that time made up a large majority of the United Nations. U Thant was never able to solve the chronic problem of financing UN operations.

In 1972, after declining another term, he was succeeded as secretary-general by Kurt WaldheimWaldheim, Kurt
, 1918–2007, Austrian diplomat, secretary-general of the United Nations (1972–81) and president of Austria (1986–92). He entered diplomatic service after World War II, serving in France and Canada.
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. He wrote several books, including Cities and Their Stories (1930), The League of Nations School Book (1932), Towards a New Education (1946), and a History of Postwar Burma (3 vol., 1961).

Bibliography

See a selection of his writings and speeches in Portfolio for Peace (1968); study by J. Bingham (1966).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Hammarskjold and U Thant eras were obviously an anomaly, a period of confusion at the creation.
Award winning students, from left, Min Thant, Thomas Kent, Holly North, Erin Carolan and Joe Slavin with |vice-chairman of the governors, David Payne (centre left), Deputy Mayoress of Kirklees, Susan Kane, Headteacher, Christine Spencer, back, and Deputy Mayor of Kirklees, Clr Paul Kane 091014CSALE_02 ANDY CATCHPOOL
Thibaw and his wife Supayalat were given an impressive residence in exile, although they could not venture far beyond the house, said Thant Myint-U, author of "The River of Lost Footsteps", a history of Myanmar.
They counted down five minutes, and then the police used water hoses, tear gas and firebombs on us," protester Myo Thant said by telephone.
Rakhine state spokesman Myo Thant said clashes between Rohingya Muslims and ethnic Rakhine Buddhists - reported in other parts of the coastal region Sunday - engulfed the townships of Kyaukphyu and Myebon late Tuesday, AP reported.
A UNHCR symposium on "A Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees: Linking Humanitarian Action to Development Assistance" was held from 10am to 1pm at the U Thant International Conference Hall of the UN University.
Boosbeck United have played a game more thant Lingdale and kept up the challenge with a win against Carlin How, thanks to a brace from Liam Raw, and a goal from Shane Breckon.
Draw a circle, instructs Thant Myint-U in his recent book Where China Meets India, around Myanmar's second largest city, Mandalay.
Suspending work on the dam would be the best sign so far that the new government is serious about taking popular concerns into account," Burmese author Thant Myint-U says.
Heb fynd yn l at fy nyddiaduron, fedrai ddim bod yn fanwl gywir yn fan hyn, ond mae gennyf rhyw gof o fod yma hefo'r grwep U Thant, gyda Ffa Coffi Pawb yn eu cefnogi, ac yn sicr bm yna gyda grwep o Wlad y Basg oedd yn canu yn yr Iaith Basg, sef y grwep Delirium Tremens hefo'r Cyrff yn eu cefnogi.
More thant 318,000 Bahrainis were eligible to vote in the elections, the third since a parliamentary system was reinstated in the Gulf kingdom in 2002.
Y Crumblowers, Ffa Coffi Pawb, Y Cyrff and U Thant all blazing a pioneering trail for the culturally epochal bands that would become Catatonia and Super Furry Animals, pictured.