U Thant

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Thant, U

(o͞o thänt), 1909–74, Burmese diplomat, secretary-general of the United NationsUnited Nations
(UN), international organization established immediately after World War II. It replaced the League of Nations. In 1945, when the UN was founded, there were 51 members; 193 nations are now members of the organization (see table entitled United Nations Members).
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 (1962–72). Educated at University College, Yangon, he later held positions in education, the press, and broadcasting. He was with the Burmese ministry of information (1949–57) and served as chairman of the Burmese delegation to the United Nations from 1947. In 1953 he was appointed Burma's permanent representative to the United Nations.

Thant succeeded Dag HammarskjöldHammarskjöld, Dag
, 1905–61, Swedish statesman, secretary-general of the United Nations (1953–61). He attended the universities of Uppsala and Stockholm (Ph.D., 1934).
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 as acting secretary-general of the United Nations in 1961 and was elected secretary-general in 1962. In the early years of his tenure, he was deeply involved in the settlement of major international disputes, including the transfer of Netherlands New Guinea (now Papua and West Papua prov.) to Indonesia (1962); the removal of Soviet missiles from Cuba (1962); the resolution of the civil war in the Congo in 1963; the establishment of a peacekeeping force on Cyprus (1964); and the achievement of a cease-fire in the 1965 India-Pakistan War.

Elected to a second term in 1966, U Thant had less success in dealing with the major crises of this later period, which included the Vietnam War, the Middle East crisis, and another India-Pakistan War (1971), among others. This declining role in international peacekeeping was offset by a greatly increased UN involvement in the economic and social development of the Third World countries, which by that time made up a large majority of the United Nations. U Thant was never able to solve the chronic problem of financing UN operations.

In 1972, after declining another term, he was succeeded as secretary-general by Kurt WaldheimWaldheim, Kurt
, 1918–2007, Austrian diplomat, secretary-general of the United Nations (1972–81) and president of Austria (1986–92). He entered diplomatic service after World War II, serving in France and Canada.
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. He wrote several books, including Cities and Their Stories (1930), The League of Nations School Book (1932), Towards a New Education (1946), and a History of Postwar Burma (3 vol., 1961).

Bibliography

See a selection of his writings and speeches in Portfolio for Peace (1968); study by J. Bingham (1966).

References in periodicals archive ?
Abdullah Al Barwani bt Aung Myo Thant 6-2, 4-6, 6-3.
Myanmar may well become a peaceful, prosperous democracy,' continued Thant Myint U, 'but future success will depend at least in part on how well people understand their complex and often tragic history and its connections to the history of the world.
9) Turner departed as part of the turmoil generated by Waldheim, intent on ridding the United Nations of the high-quality cadre of top Secretariat staff built up by Hammarskjold and U Thant.
It was first performed by Cardiff City fans at Sincil Bank, home of Lincoln City, on September 15, 1990, the day after U Thant had played a gig at Cardiff 's Chapter Arts Centre.
The charity is always on the look out to rehome hens and through the 450 plus nationwide rehoming teams has found a new roost for more thant 500,000 hens since the charity hatched in 2005.
Ni byddai son am ryfel Sy'n dryllio bwth a thant Pe byddai pawb yn cerdded Ar lwybrau Dewi Sant.
Aung Thu as minister of agriculture, livestock and irrigation, U Thant Zin Maung as minister of transportation and communication, Dr.
Recent publications in this field are few, however, and many will find the volume by Abbott and Khin Thant Han (2000) neither accessible nor affordable.
It is heart-rending to watch the way the staff have to go much more thant that extra mile to complete their duties.
Thant meets Ayub and Bhutto: United Nations Secretary General U Thant had talks with President Ayub Khan and Foreign Minister Z A Bhutto over the issue of immediate ceasefire.
Kornfeder's evaluation of the UN is backed up by no less an authority than UN Secretary-General U Thant of Burma, a Marxist recipient of the Soviet Union's Lenin Peace Prize.
However, it emerged on Thursday Aung Myo Thant, a Burmese embassy official, had formally retracted their confessions amid allegations the pair were tortured.