Thar


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Thar

 

a desert and semidesert plain in India and Pakistan, situated along the left bank of the Indus River. The Thar extends from north to south for 850 km and has an area of approximately 300,000 sq km. It is composed of sands of alluvial, marine, or eolian origin overlying ancient sandstones that emerge on the surface in some places. Overgrown sand ridges and parabolic and oar-shaped dunes predominate, and barchans are also encountered. Human activities were responsible, in part, for the further growth of the desert. The climate is tropical, and annual precipitation, most of which falls during the summer monsoon season, varies from 90 mm in the west to 200 mm in the east. Dust storms are frequent.

Small lakes, salt marshes, and takyrs are found in the depressions between sand ridges. There is abundant subterranean water, which is saline in some areas. The sparse vegetation consists of psammophilic shrubs (Leptadenia pirotechnica, Capparis, Calligonum) and occasional acacias and coarse grasses. There is grazing of livestock, and irrigation agriculture is practiced in the oases and in the Indus valley.

References in periodicals archive ?
The signing of this agreement represents the Provincial Governments' continuous support in expediting the timely execution of the Thar Coal Project and furthers its resolve to encourage economic prosperity in the country by facilitating the requirements of investors for the financial close of SECMC's mining Project.
He said Our government is committed to develop Pakistan's local coal resources and utilize them for power generation, thus realizing our dream of making Thar the Energy Capital of Pakistan in coming years.
6bn Thar coal mining & power project has been launched by Pakistan Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif and former President Asif Ali Zardari at Thar Coalfield Block-II near Islamkot, Sindh, Pakistan.
No potable water, no hospitals and not even antivenoms that are needed to treat people bitten by snakes found in Thar desert in large numbers.
According to the standard conversion rates, the Thar lignite coal resources are equivalent to around 50 billion tons of oil, which is more than the combined oil resources of Saudi Arabia and Iran.
He said Government of Sindh has entered into JVA with Engro Group for development of coal mining in Thar Coalfield Block-II with share of 40% GOS and 60% Engro Group.
This project needs to bring great economic changes in the lives of people of Thar besides plugging the energy crisis prevalent across the country.
He said SECMC had been allocated Block II in the Thar area that not only has substantial amount of coal but also precious Lignite of which 1.
A security source told the National Iraqi News Agency / Nina / that a force of the Command of Samarra Operations controlled fully the area extended from the helm of Samarra until al-Thar Thar area.
Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif has decided to give cash grants to people of affected areas of Thar.
ISLAMABAD, Oct 30 (KUNA) -- Pakistan's first gasification plant will start generating low cost electricity from next year, said the head of the Thar Coal Underground Gasification Project, Dr.
Summary: Thar Souk (Taounate) - HM King Mohammed VI enquired, on Saturday in Thar Souk commune (Taounate province), about the projects to support the national education sector initiated under the integrated development priority programme of Taounate province's rural communes (2009-2011), for a total cost of 18 million dirhams.