23) The Thargelia
was scapegoat ritual: the Athenians would select, feed and expel a [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] from the city.
Such scapegoating of course was not uncommon in the Athens of Sophocles and Socrates, as both ritual expiation (at the Thargelia
festival) and political ostracism.
Bussa" maraches Druce, 1907, 1912 (= Marachina maraches Dce), "Bussa" thargelia
Burmeister, 1878 (= Atlides thargelia
opens with the matter-of-fact mention of Diotima, Thargelia
, and Aspesia as evidence that even women were philosophers .
For Girard's, the recipe/panacea of human sacrifice was the dark secret behind the rituals and sublime myths of--for instance--the Attic festival of the Thargelia
, when two 'ugly men' were fattened and then fogged through the city (to 'absorb the pollution') before being driven into exile.
The role of the phratriai in the Apaturia and Thargelia
festivals and in the cults of Zeus Phratrios and Athena Phratria, as well as details of the cultic activity of phratries and their subgroups, give some credence to the Aristotelian claim (Ath.
When we look at our miracle closely, we see that it greatly resembles the famous or infamous Greek ritual of the pharmakos always performed during the Thargelia
festival, perhaps on other occasions as well.
Celebrations of the Thargelia
(in honour of Apollo) also may have included feasts attended by both men and women: for example, there is a story that during the Thargelia
that takes place while the Milesians are besieging Naxos, one of the invading captains (Diognetus) falls in love with a Naxian girl (Polycrite), who contrives that during the Thargelia
festivities a message be sent to her brothers to attack.
An anonymous treatise on warrior women, printed in Westermann's Paradoxographoi (213-18, xli-xlii), relates short biographies of fourteen women: the barbarians Semiramis, Zarinaia, Nitocris of Egypt, Nitocris of Babylon, Theiosso (=Dido), Atossa, Rhodogyne, Lyde, Tomyris, and Onomaris, and the Greeks Argeia, Pheretime, Thargelia
, and Artemisia.
Women like Aspasia and Thargelia
excelled in influencing statesmen, but hardly can be classified as spies.
solo kithara-playing became an official event at the Pythian festival along with aulesis and kitharody;(40) and musical events and competitions were a central feature of the remodelled festivals of the Panathenaea, Thargelia
, and City Dionysia.
4 the author alludes to choregoi being needed each year for the Dionysia, Thargelia
, Panathenaia, Prometheia, and Hephaistia.