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see pastoralpastoral,
literary work in which the shepherd's life is presented in a conventionalized manner. In this convention the purity and simplicity of shepherd life is contrasted with the corruption and artificiality of the court or the city.
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one of the minor genres of Alexandrian poetry, further developed in Roman literature and European literatures of a later date.

In keeping with their source in folklore—shepherds’ songs—Greek bucolics were characterized by the inclusion of songs, variety and persuasiveness of the characters revealed in them, mastery of details (especially in the landscape, which was always peaceful and therefore conventional), and praise of the charms of rural life. The meter of bucolics is dactylic hexameter, which is lighter than the hexameter used in epics because of the obligatory second caesura (the so-called bucolic caesura).

Theocritus is considered the founder of the bucolic genre. In the works of his followers—Moschus, Bion (second century B.C.), and others—that have come down to us under his name, the bucolics’ sole theme is love. The greatest Roman writer of bucolics was Vergil. Roman poetry added to the genre an abundance of topical political allusions that were primarily panegyrics to the ruling emperors. After Vergil, Calpurnius (first century A.D.) and Nemesianus (third century A.D.) gave bucolics a partly didactic character.


Istoriia grecheskoi literatury, vol. 3. Edited by S. I. Sobolevskii and others. Moscow, 1960.
Scheda, G. Studien zur bukolischen Dichtung der neronischen Epoche. Bonn, 1969.


References in classic literature ?
The significance of 'The Shepherd's Calendar' lies partly in its genuine feeling for external Nature, which contrasts strongly with the hollow conventional phrases of the poetry of the previous decade, and especially in the vigor, the originality, and, in some of the eclogues, the beauty, of the language and of the varied verse.
For Dellarosa, the Eclogues express "the crucial political assumption underlying Rushton's poetics," a profoundly democratic vision that aims to "give voice to those whose voice is barely--if ever--heard.
As is typical of the entire poem, language and allusion--mostly to Vergil--combine to evoke several themes at once: the pastoral character of the description is created by the green hills surrounding the river but also by the allusion to the Eclogues (20); but there is also the allusion to epic in the description of the river as amoena, and a reference to the rumore of the river's current, thus evoking the Tiber of the Aeneid (21); yet another model for the passage is the Georgies, in which Vergil promises to sing of Italian cities, and the rivers that flow past them (22).
In the sense that the Eclogues were Virgil's first major poetic undertaking, firstness does matter.
In Chapter 3, following this discussion of Virgil's life and poetics, Smith begins his reading of the Eclogues, arguing that the Eclogues in particular embody the thematic contour of dialogue.
Studies in the structure of the Eclogues have been periodically popular, but since the publication of Van Sickle's The Design of Vergil's 'Bucolics' in 1978, very little has been published on the subject.
He refers to himself as the poet "who toyed with shepherds' songs" and sets his poetic "seal" or sphragis on the Georgics by making its final line repeat the first line of the Eclogues.
Certainly, it is significant that Linus's two appearances in the Eclogues come in what many readers consider to be the two most dense and allusive poems in the collection.
The papers are grouped into 4 sections, on Dante the ethical poet, Dante the lyric poet, the Eclogues, and the 19th-century revival.
She excludes from consideration the Eclogues and the Georgics and limits her scope to the reception of the Aeneid in the second half of the century; on the other hand, instead of focusing solely on epic poetry and theory, she goes beyond the field of narrative fiction and examines the role of the Aeneid in less obvious contexts, such as princely education and architectural debates.
and dogmatic shepherds like Piers within the eclogues reveals 'the failure of a certain kind of allegorising commentary and the interpretive relationship which underlies it' (p.
She then places Geraldini's Carmen bucolicum within the traditions of ancient and early Christian literature, adds some general remarks on the poem such as the presumed addressees, the language of the poem, and recurrent motifs within the eclogues (e.