El Escorial

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El Escorial


a city in Spain, in Madrid Province, New Castile. Situated in the foothills of the Sierra de Guadarrama. Population, about 4,000 (1970).

El Escorial is the site of Philip II’s palace-monastery of San Lorenzo del Escorial, generally called the Escorial (1563-84, architects J. B. de Toledo and J. de Herrera). The Escorial is an isolated, severe, and majestic rectangular ensemble with towers at its corners. It contains 16 inner courtyards, a square domed church that is the compositional center of the ensemble, a palace, a seminary, a monastery library, and a mausoleum.

The Escorial is built of bluish gray granite; the only building in the ensemble that has exterior decoration is the baroque mausoleum (completed 1654, architect G. B. Crescenzi). The Escorial contains paintings and sculptures from the 16th to 18th centuries, including works by F. Zurbarán, El Greco, J. Ribera, D. Velásquez, and Titian. A pavilion known as the Casita del Principe was added to the ensemble in 1772 (architect J. de Villanueva).


Bertrand, L. Histoire d’Escorial. Paris, 1932.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the sites affected will be Madrid's vast Royal Palace, built on a high bluff overlooking the Manzanares river and which is used for state occasions; the Valley of the Fallen mausoleum, where dictator Francisco Franco is buried; and the Escorial Palace near Madrid.
In a manner virtually unparalleled by any other building, the Escorial reflects the spirit of its age, the 16th century, and of its patron, Philipp II.
Pedro de Valencia (1555-1620), theologian and classical scholar, whose papers were confiscated by the Inquisition in 1618, developed a close friendship with Arias Montano, with whom he collaborated inter alia in the cataloguing of the library of the Escorial.
Fenik en su libro Digenis Epic and popular Style in the Escorial Version ha estudiado detalladamente la organizacion de las descripciones, escenas y discursos en el Diyenis E, y para el el caracter epico del poema queda perfectamente claro; el texto posee todas las caracteristicas basica de un estilo narrativo oral y "se nutre de una tradicion viviente de poesia heroica" (18).
Frers gives his opinion on painters as diverse as Rembrandt and Dali, buildings from the Pyramids to the Escorial, and music from Beethoven to John Cage.
The issue of the Robusti family workshop is deftly resolved by including a terrific example executed for the Escorial, The Adoration of the Shepherds of 1583 (Fig.
The most famous anecdote about King Philip II (1527-98) and his passion for relics is the one told by the Hieronymite friar Jose de Siguenza (1544-1606) in his famous history of the foundation of the Escorial, included in his monumental Historia de la Orden de San Jeronimo (1605).
We will be opening three new locations in the first quarter of 2007 including one in the Escorial Plaza, one of the island's largest retail environments.
3 of the Escorial Library near Madrid, that is different from those of their predecessors.
The next half-dozen essays start with Colin Thompson's 'Reading the Escorial library: Fray Jose de Siguenza and the culture of Golden-Age Spain', which effectively takes a step into art history to arrive at some far-reaching conclusions.
Noone pays close attention to Philip II's vision of the Escorial as "a cornerstone of a minutely planned Counter-Reformation strategy" (p.
This is the first volume to appear in a large and ambitious project which proposes nothing less than the publication of the complete works of the more than 20 chapel masters who composed for the Escorial from its foundation in 1563 to the monastery's dissolution in 1873.