Mabinogion

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Mabinogion

(măbĭnō`gēən), title given to a collection of medieval Welsh stories. Scholars differ as to the meaning of the word mabinogion: some think it to be the plural of the Welsh word mabinogi, which means "youthful career"; others think it derives from the Welsh word mabinog, meaning "aspirant to bardic honor." The stories in the Mabinogion are found in two manuscripts, the White Book of Rhydderch (c.1300–1325) and the Red Book of Hergest (c.1375–1425). The first four tales, which are called collectively The Four Branches of the Mabinogi, are divided into Pwyll, Branwen, Manawydan, and Math; their connecting link, now obscured by many accretions, is the story of Prince Gwri or, as he is later called, Pryderi. In the first tale he is born and fostered, inherits the kingdom and marries; in the second he is barely mentioned; in the third he is imprisoned by enchantment and released; and in the fourth he falls in battle. Another tale, the story of Kilhwch and Olwen, which was composed before 1100, is an early example of an Arthurian tale. The Dream of Rhonabwy, which was written before 1175, also contains Welsh traditions about King Arthur. A story apparently based on the legend of Emperor Maximus is The Dream of Maxim Wledig. Llud and Llevelys is a short folktale full of fairy tale elements. The last group in the Mabinogion consists of three Arthurian romances, Geraint, The Lady of the Fountain, and Peredur. It seems probable that the first two shared with the works of Chrétien de Troyes common sources written in French, and that the last drew on the vast body of Grail tradition. The Four Branches, Kilhwch, and the romances are invaluable in the study of the Arthurian legendArthurian legend,
the mass of legend, popular in medieval lore, concerning King Arthur of Britain and his knights. Medieval Sources

The battle of Mt. Badon—in which, according to the Annales Cambriae (c.
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. Using just the Red Book of Hergest as her source, Lady Charlotte Guest (1812–95) published the first English translation of the Mabinogion between 1838 and 1849; she also gave the volume its title. Later the White Book of Rhydderch was discovered, containing older, finer versions of the tales in Guest's work. In 1929, T. P. Ellis and J. Lloyd published a translation based on a composite of the tales in both the Red and White books. A later composite translation is The Mabinogion (1949) of Gwyn Jones and Thomas Jones.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ancient castle site is steeped in medieval Welsh history too, and is the setting for a tragic tale featured in The Mabinogion, thought to be the earliest prose literature in Britain.
The Mabinogion urn is a simple model of the spread of influences amongst versatile populations.
In the Welsh folk-law classic The Mabinogion, the story is told of a giant king called Bendigeidfran.
Belsey indicates that in contrast to Chretien's version of the romance where the central theme is "the nature of the conflict between love and chivalry" (Belsey 1994: 100), which might also be applied to the Mabinogion version, in Tennyson's Idylls the central theme is that of illicit passion.
One story in the Mabinogion, a collection of medieval Celtic myths, tells of a boy named Dylan who swims like a fish after being baptised.
The Mabinogion stories are recognizably mythical, romance or Marchen.
Penri said: "The show is based on the fourth branch of the Mabinogion and we will be seeing the intriguing tale unfold through the eyes of the wizard, Gwydion.
9m development at Harlech Castle in Gwynedd will be named after characters from the Mabinogion - a collection of Welsh myths compiled in the Middle Ages.
Visiting Llanishen Village Hall and Chapter Arts Centre in Cardiff, the show is based on an adventure-filled quest for true love and comes from the Mabinogion, which provides what is believed to be Europe's earliest reference to Arthur and his warriors, dating from 1200 or earlier.
Rownd a Rownd's Emyr Gibson said: "The story is based on the Pwyll Pendefig Dyfed tale from the Mabinogion and tells of the courting and marriage of Pwyll and Rhiannon and of the birth and disappearance of their son Pryderi.
Although it's the Welsh who look after the Mabinogion, they actually are the myths of these islands, and the central conflict in the Mabinogion is the conflict between the British and the Irish.
The Mabinogion is a collection of stories from medieval Welsh manuscripts.