Mainland

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Mainland.

1 Island (1991 pop. 14,150), 178 sq mi (461 sq km), N Scotland. The largest of the Orkney IslandsOrkney Islands,
archipelago and council area (1991 pop. 19,650), 376 sq mi (974 sq km), N Scotland, consisting of about 70 islands in the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, N of Scottish mainland across the Pentland Firth. About 20 islands are inhabited.
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, it is also called Pomona. KirkwallKirkwall
, town (1991 pop. 5,867), N Scotland, on the east coast of Mainland Island. It is the trading center and administrative seat of the Orkney Islands, with exports of eggs, fish, whiskey, cattle, and sheep.
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, the seat of the Orkney Islands council area, is on the island. Kirkwall Bay and Scapa Flow deeply indent its shores. The interior has hills, moors, several lakes, and fertile valleys. Cattle and sheep are raised; eggs are a leading product. A distilling industry is there. Local customs in some districts reveal the Norse ancestry of many of the inhabitants. There are numerous Pictish remains—mounds, underground dwellings, circles, and standing stones. Most famous of these are MaeshoweMaeshowe
or Maes Howe
, prehistoric monument, on Mainland in the Orkney Islands, off N Scotland, near Stenness (see Stenness, Loch of). A passage grave with a corbeled vault, it measures 115 ft (35 m) in diameter and 23 ft (7 m) high.
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 and the Standing Stones of StennessStenness, Loch of
, lake on Mainland island, in the Orkneys, off N Scotland. A headland between Harray and Stenness lochs holds the Standings Stones of Stenness, a ring of flat slabs surrounded by a ditch and bank (henge); it dates from before c.2500 B.C.
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. Skara BraeSkara Brae
, Stone Age village, on Mainland in the Orkney Islands, N Scotland. Dating from c.3200 to 2200 B.C., the village was preserved under a sand dune until uncovered by a storm in 1851. It contains seven underground chambers furnished with stone dressers, tables, and beds.
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 is an excavated Stone Age village. 2 Island, 375 sq mi (971 sq km), extreme N Scotland. It is the largest of the Shetland IslandsShetland Islands
, island group and council area (1993 est. pop. 22,830), 551 sq mi (1,427 sq km), extreme N Scotland, NE of the Orkney Islands. Formerly the county of Shetland or Zetland
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. LerwickLerwick
, island town (1991 est. pop. 7,336), Shetland Islands, extreme N Scotland. Lerwick is the northernmost town in Great Britain. Located on the southeastern coast of Mainland island, it has fishing and hosiery industries.
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, located in the southeastern part of Mainland, is the principal town of the islands. Remains of a prehistoric village at Jarlshof exist.

mainland

[′mān·lənd]
(geography)
A continuous body of land that constitutes the main part of a country or continent.

mainland

1. the main part of a land mass as opposed to an island or peninsula
2. the mainland a particular landmass as viewed from a nearby island with which it has close links, such as Great Britain as viewed from Northern Ireland or continental Australia as viewed from Tasmania

Mainland

1. an island off N Scotland: the largest of the Shetland Islands. Chief town: Lerwick. Pop.: 17 550 (2001). Area: about 583 sq. km (225 sq. miles)
2. an island off N Scotland: the largest of the Orkney Islands. Chief town: Kirkwall. Pop.: 15 315 (2001). Area: 492 sq. km (190 sq. miles)
3. the Mainland NZ a South Islanders' name for South Island
References in classic literature ?
Against this possibility I urged him to hasten the building of a fleet of small sailing-vessels, which we might utilize should I find it impossible to entice Hooja's horde to the mainland.
7% of Hong Kong's total exports to the mainland of China (the Mainland) were for outward processing in the Mainland.
The number of projects the mainland has approved for investment from Hong Kong as well as the actual use of Hong Kong investment also declined by more than 20 percent.
11), Zheng Lizhong, vice chairman of the Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS), urged Taiwan to cut restrictions on mainland Chinese investments in Taiwan, while Kao Koong-lian, vice chairman of Straits Exchange Foundation (SEF), called for mainland China to provide better conditions for various cross-Strait economic agreements than the free trade agreement (FTA) between the mainland and Japan and Korea.
Hong Kong, a tiny territory at the southern tip of China that evolved into a global city as a British colony, is quickly integrating with the mainland since its return to Chinese rule 15 years ago.
Series of Events and Initiatives to be Launched on the Mainland
Japanese Marubeni Corporation with the mainland's biggest coal importer cooperation Winsway Coking Coal Holding Limited imports of iron and steel output in Australia and Canada to the mainland with a coke.
The Hong Kong Monetary Authority is discussing with Chinese authorities ways of making its financial instruments, including H shares, available to investors from the mainland, HKMA chief executive Joseph Yam said.
According to Hong Kong's Trade and Industry Department, CEPA will allow insurance practitioners based in Hong Kong to more easily do business on the mainland.
For Crouzet-Pavan the key to the history of Venice is the interaction between the ecologies in which the history of Venice played out--the lagoons and the mudflats on which the city was built; the sea on which its wealth was first predicated; the fabric of the urban space where daily life was lived; the mainland territories that provided trade outlets, raw materials, and human resources--and the cultures that were created in the human interaction with these ecological systems.
Remoteness from the mainland has also insulated the island from the rapid changes caused by modern humans.