Northern Territory

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Northern Territory,

territory (1991 pop. 132,780), 520,280 sq mi (1,347,525 sq km), N central Australia. It is bounded on the N by the Timor Sea, the Arafura Sea, and the Gulf of Carpentaria. DarwinDarwin,
city (1991 pop. 67,946), capital of the Northern Territory, N Australia, on Port Darwin, an inlet of the Timor Sea. Remotely situated on the sparsely settled north coast, Darwin had no rail connection with any of the major Australian cities until 2003, when the line to
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 is the territorial capital. In the north are lowlands, in the W central region is the Tanami Desert, in the southeast are low plains sloping toward the Kati Thandi–Lake Eyre depression, and in the southwest are the MacDonnell Ranges. The main rivers are the Victoria, Daly, Adelaide, and Roper, all of which drain into the northern seas. The climate in the north is tropical, with a monsoon season; the south becomes colder and drier as the elevation rises.

About three fourths of the population live in the Darwin and Alice Springs metropolitan areas. Australian aboriginesAustralian aborigines,
indigenous peoples of Australia. The first modern humans in Australia probably came from somewhere in Asia more than 40,000 years ago, most likely sometime between 55,000 and 100,000 years ago. Genetic evidence also suggests that c.
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 make up about a fourth of the Northern Territory's population and own the land of 15 reservations with a total area of 94,000 sq mi (243,460 sq km); the Arnhem LandArnhem Land,
37,100 sq mi (96,089 sq km), N Northern Territory, Australia, on a wide peninsula W of the Gulf of Carpentaria. The great majority of the region belongs to the Arnhem Land Aboriginal Reserve, the largest aboriginal reservation in Australia.
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 preserve is the largest. Much of this land is important to the uranium mining and tourist industries.

The territory's economic development has been accelerating in recent years. Gold is worked to a small extent; uranium, bauxite, manganese, iron, lead, and zinc deposits are increasingly exploited. Stockbreeding, encouraged by government development projects, is the major rural activity. There is very little farming in the territory. Peanuts, pearl shell, and trepang are the principal exports.

Northern Territory's first settlement was established at Port Essington in 1824 in an attempt to forestall French colonization. The settlement failed, and permanent settlement did not resume until 1869. Northern Territory was part of New South Wales from 1825 to 1863 and of South Australia from 1863 to 1911. Transferred to direct rule by the commonwealth in 1911, it was divided into two territories in 1926 but was reunited in 1931.

In 1974 the commonwealth-appointed Legislative Council was replaced by a fully elected Legislative Assembly, and in 1978 full self-goverment was granted to the territory. In the 1990s statehood became a prominent political issue, but statehood was rejected in a 1998 referendum. Also politically important in recent years has been the issue of the treatment of and opportunities for the aboriginal population. Adam Giles, who became chief minister of the territory in 2013, was the first aborigine to head a state-level Australian government. The Northern Territory elects a member with full voting rights to the Australian House of Representatives.

Northern Territory

 

a territory in northern Australia, administered by the federal government. Area, 1.4 million sq km. Population, 97,000 (1973), approximately one-fourth of which consists of aborigines. The city of Darwin is the capital and principal seaport; it has an international airport.

Most of the Northern Territory consists of a tableland, composed chiefly of sandstone and limestone and with elevations of 200 to 300 m. The climate in the north is of the tropical monsoon type, and in the south, of the desert type. The territory is sparsely populated and largely undeveloped.

The Northern Territory’s economy is based on mining and stock raising. Manganese ore is mined on the island of Groote Eylandt (1.1 million tons in 1972), and the Northern Territory accounts for 92 percent of Australia’s total output. Copper is mined at Rum Jungle, and bauxites, on Gove Peninsula. Gold, copper and iron ores, tin, and silver are also mined. Cattle (1.2 million head in 1973) are the chief form of livestock raised; meat is produced (15,400 tons). Peanuts, sorghum, bananas, oranges, and vegetables are cultivated.

Northern Territory

an administrative division of N central Australia, on the Timor and Arafura Seas: includes Ashmore and Cartier Islands; the Arunta Desert lies in the east, the Macdonnell Ranges in the south, and Arnhem Land in the north (containing Australia's largest Aboriginal reservation). Capital: Darwin. Pop.: 198 700 (2003 est.). Area: 1 347 525 sq. km (520 280 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Commonwealth invests $790 million of the Indigenous Advancement Strategy (IAS) into the Northern Territory, including one third of the Community and Safety Programme funding under the IAS.
Best estimates put the prospective resources of shale gas and tight gas in the Northern Territory at nearly 270 Tcf, according to the Northern Territory government.
Potentially it's an economic opportunity for the Territory, but it's also an opportunity for the Northern Territory to show leadership on the national stage about where to store nuclear waste," Mr Giles said.
In 1889, they bought the Northern Territory Times and Gazette from Solomon and amalgamated the two newspapers under the latter's masthead.
The contract builds on NEC Australia's position as the leading provider of ICT services to the Northern Territory Government and comes with a renewed commitment by NEC Australia to give back to the local community.
The final chapter sketches some developments between the 1880s and the early 20th century that led to South Australia relinquishing its control of the Northern Territory to the Commonwealth of Australia in 1911.
Meanwhile, the High Court has heard that key aspects of the Northern Territory intervention, including the Federal Government's five-year takeover of Aboriginal townships, were unconstitutional.
The company said about 75,000 saltwater crocodiles, the largest crocodiles in Australia, currently are reported in the Northern Territory.
Keen to defend his country, Dick Butler enlisted in 1939 and served as a Gunner in the Darwin Mobile Force (DMF), serving with a number of others from the Northern Territory of Aboriginal descent including Willy McClennen, Samuel ('Smiler') Fejo, Juma ('Jim') Fejo, Stewart Kurnoth, Bill Muir and Victor Williams.
The survey and population assessment, funded through Environment Australia's Natural Heritage Trust, will involve CSIRO, the Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, the Northern Territory Fisheries Division, the University of Western Australia, the Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Murdoch University and the Queensland National Parks and Wildlife Service.
With work throughout the Northern Territory and beyond, the practice has a reputation for spare intelligent architecture that has evolved out of the architects' feeling for tradition and landscape.
A lot of hype surrounded the 11 August announcement by the Prime Minister that the Northern Territory would be granted statehood in 2001, subject to the success of a Territory-wide referendum.