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1. Philosophy
a. any state of the mind in which it is affected by something external, such as perception, desire, etc., as contrasted with action
b. feelings, desires or emotions, as contrasted with reason
2. the sufferings and death of a Christian martyr


1. the sufferings of Christ from the Last Supper to his death on the cross
2. any of the four Gospel accounts of this
3. a musical setting of this



a musical work set to a Gospel text of Jesus’ betrayal by Judas, imprisonment, and execution. Passions were introduced into Catholic practice in the fourth century and were performed during Holy Week. They were originally performed in a psalmodic manner, but, beginning in the 14th century, the type of passion based on a dialogue between a soloist, or deacon, and a choir prevailed. The roles of the characters in the drama gradually became more soloistic. In the 16th century the polyphonic motet passion took shape, and Protestant passions in German appeared, which made considerable use of the Protestant chorale. Folk stagings of passions, in which scenes of everyday life were included, developed simultaneously with the ecclesiastical dramatizations.

In the early 18th century the oratorio passion became established. This genre later lost its religious significance, and oratorio passions were performed as concert works. Outstanding examples of the oratorio passion are J. S. Bach’s St. John Passion and St. Matthew Passion.


Druskin, M. Passiony I. S. Bakha. Leningrad, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stephan Laque's essay, for example, is plagued by the desire to read Shakespeare as ahead of his time--in this case, as an influence on Descartes's theories of the passions.
However, overall this collection is well worth consulting for anyone interested in the passions in early modern thought, literature, and history.
Rather than asserting the correctness of any approach to the Passions, Melamed urges that modern views of these works should be balanced with an appreciation of the conditions in which they were first conceived and performed.
Following the appendix is a useful summary of the literature on the Passions titled "Suggestions for Further Reading and Listening," which is organized by chapter.
Fisher distinguishes the passions from moods, emotions, feelings, affections, and sentiments, arguing that these various terms "are not alternative ways of talking about the same matters but language used in the service of quite distinct politics of the inner life)' In this regard, the vehement passions stand in a dynamic relation with one another: anger turns into grief, for example, grief into the desire for vengeance.
Nevertheless, in different ways, this hostility to the passions marks the Stoic, Christian, and economic or rational doctrines of human nature.
The purpose of this article is to relate the passions to Thomas's anthropological presuppositions.
Sabuco subordinated to these crucial cognitive virtues all other psychic powers, including the passions, for it was only under the influence of reason, he held, "that we learn to love and to desire, to fear and to hate, to harbor hope and despair, to experience joy and pleasure, anger, grief, care, and anxiety.
Cavendish's romance thus provides a vivid illustration of the way in which the language of contract is a contested concept or "node of stress" in seventeenth-century English politics and culture - a point where the protoliberal language of contract, consent, and rational self-interest intersects with the languages of coercion, casuistry, and the passions.
com will be the exclusive sponsor of "Passions Weekly Recap," an area within the Passions web site that details a day by day summary of the show.
On 13 April 1403, Parisian chancellor Jean Gerson delivered one of his most famous sermons, a sermon on the Passion of Christ entitled "Ad deum vadit.
On the one hand, Kirsch adopts a model of the psychology of the passions drawn from the Renaissance Christian moral philosophers.