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Republic of the. a republic in SE Asia, occupying an archipelago of about 7100 islands (including Luzon, Mindanao, Samar, and Negros): became a Spanish colony in 1571 but ceded to the US in 1898 after the Spanish-American War; gained independence in 1946. The islands are generally mountainous and volcanic. Official languages: Filipino, based on Tagalog, and English. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: peso. Capital: Manila. Pop.: 81 408 000 (2004 est.). Area: 300 076 sq. km (115 860 sq. miles)


Official name: Republic of the Philippines

Capital city: Manila

Internet country code: .ph

Flag description: Two equal horizontal bands of blue (top; representing peace and justice) and red (representing courage); a white equilateral triangle based on the hoist side represents equality; the center of the triangle displays a yellow sun with eight primary rays, each representing one of the first eight provinces that sought independence from Spain; each corner of the triangle contains a small yellow five-pointed star representing the three major geo­graphical divisions of the country: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao; the design of the flag dates to 1897

National anthem: “Lupang Hinirang,” music from “Mar­cha Nacional Filipina” (Philippine National March) by Julian Felipe; lyrics from poem “Filipinas” by Jose Palma

National motto: “Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan At Makabansa.”

Geographical description: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam

Total area: 117,187 sq. mi. (300,000 sq. km.)

Climate: Tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)

Nationality: noun: Filipino(s); adjective: Philippine

Population: 91,077,287 (July 2007 CIA est.)

Ethnic groups: Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3%

Languages spoken: Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan

Religions: Roman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Chris­tian 4.5%, other (including Buddhist) 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1%

Legal Holidays:

All Saints' DayNov 1
Araw ng KagitinganApr 9
Black SaturdayApr 23, 2011; Apr 7, 2012; Mar 30, 2013; Apr 19, 2014; Apr 4, 2015; Mar 26, 2016; Apr 15, 2017; Mar 31, 2018; Apr 20, 2019; Apr 11, 2020; Apr 3, 2021; Apr 16, 2022; Apr 8, 2023
Bonifacio DayNov 30
Christmas DayDec 25
Edsa Revolution DayFeb 24
Good FridayApr 22, 2011; Apr 6, 2012; Mar 29, 2013; Apr 18, 2014; Apr 3, 2015; Mar 25, 2016; Apr 14, 2017; Mar 30, 2018; Apr 19, 2019; Apr 10, 2020; Apr 2, 2021; Apr 15, 2022; Apr 7, 2023
Independence DayJun 12
Labor DayMay 1
Maundy ThursdayApr 21, 2011; Apr 5, 2012; Mar 28, 2013; Apr 17, 2014; Apr 2, 2015; Mar 24, 2016; Apr 13, 2017; Mar 29, 2018; Apr 18, 2019; Apr 9, 2020; Apr 1, 2021; Apr 14, 2022; Apr 6, 2023
National Heroes DayAug 28, 2011; Aug 26, 2012; Aug 25, 2013; Aug 31, 2014; Aug 30, 2015; Aug 28, 2016; Aug 27, 2017; Aug 26, 2018; Aug 25, 2019; Aug 30, 2020; Aug 29, 2021; Aug 28, 2022; Aug 27, 2023
New Year's DayJan 1
New Year's EveDec 31
Rizal DayDec 30


discovered by Magellan during his attempted circumnavigation of the globe. [World Hist.: Benét, 618]
References in periodicals archive ?
19) It is from a theological perspective formulated in the context of the great European witch-hunts and confirmed by their recent experience in the Americas that the missionary orders embarked on the conversion of the Philippines and approached the religious practices of the archipelago's inhabitants.
After graduating from the University of the Philippines with a degree in comparative literature, Rosca became the managing editor of Graphic magazine, and immediately decided that the only kind of news worthy of coverage was hard-core politics.
The ensuing controversy begat two scientific symposia -- mainly featuring the arguments of those charging that the Tasaday are bogus -- at anthropological conferences in the Philippines and Yugoslavia.
Walter Mondale went ahead with a visit to the Philippines, despite clear warnings that Filipinos would see it as an endorsement of Marcos when martial law was still in force, when the human-rights record was getting worse, and when corruption under the "conjugal dictatorship' was moving into high gear.
forces from the Philippines is that their maintenance abrogates a fundamental principle of a democratic foreign policy, that is, respect for self-determination of all nations great and small.
Coca-Cola has been sold in the Philippines since the beginning of the 20thcentury and has been locally produced since 1927.
Duterte said it would be for the Armed Forces of the Philippines to recommend which foreign country may be given permission to conduct scientific research or even fishing activity in the underwater plateau off Aurora province.
Specifically on investments, a more open regime to foreign investors will usher in more foreign companies in the Philippines that will aid in job creation and execution of big infrastructure projects of the government," the EU-Philippines Trade and Investment 2017/2018 report said.
He added that the Philippines equally hopes to learn from Swiss lessons in federalism and vocational-technical education and training.
The Philippine government has put in place the purchase of a Landing Craft Utility (LCU), two Coast Watch System, 105 units of 20-watts vehicular configuration radio, three lots of night fighting system (NFS) and an aerial camera which could be used by the Philippine Navy as a surveillance system, said Col Arnulfo Marcelo Burgos, spokesman of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.
Current sentiment declined over the previous month in Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand, while indices remained in negative territory in Malaysia, Singapore and the Philippines for the eighth, seventh and fourth straight months respectively.