(also Mangup), a feudal principality in the southwestern Crimea from about the 12th to 15th centuries.

The territory of Theodoro coincided for the most part with the eparchy of the Crimean Goths and extended north and northeast to the Kacha River and south to the Black Sea coast (from present-day Balaklava to Alushta). Theodoro included the region known in the sixth to eighth centuries as Doros. The region’s capital was also called Doros until the tenth century, when it took on the name “Mangup.” The population of the principality was ethnically mixed; it included Alani, Greeks, Karaites and descendants of the Crimean Goths.

In the 14th and 15th centuries, Theodoro maintained its independence in the face of Mongol, Tatar and Genoese encroachments. To strengthen their power, the country’s rulers strove to establish close relations with Rus’ and Moldavia. Kalamita (Inkerman) became Theodoro’s port in the early 15th century. In 1475 the Turks conquered Theodoro and transformed it into a Turkish administrative district. The city of Mangup was abandoned in the late 18th century. Its remains, which date from the 6th to 15th centuries, include grottoes and the ruins of houses, basilicas, a citadel, and a palace.


Tikhanova, M. A. “Doros-Feodoro v istorii srednevekovogo Kryma.” In Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, vol. 34. Moscow-Leningrad, 1953.
Iakobson, A. L. Krym v srednie veka. Moscow, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
President Muhammadu Buhari receiving Equatorial Guinea President, Theodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, at the presidential villa, Abuja, on Tuesday, January 23, 2017.
Daludado's companion, meanwhile, was identified as Theodoro Borne, 21, helper, of Caloocan City.
3] Esta definicion se basa en los presupuestos teoricos del norteamericano Theodoro Schellenberg, quien propuso un metodo para la valoracion de documentos de archivo mediante la asignacion de valores a los mismos.
O Parque Municipal de Lages, denominado Parque Natural Municipal Joao Jose Theodoro da Costa Neto (PARNAMUL), possui um remanescente de Floresta Ombrofila Mista Montana que se encontra adjacente a um plantio de Pinus taeda.
The third candidate, Equatorial Guinea's foreign minister, Agapito Mba Mokuy, 51, is seen as an attempt by long-serving president, Theodoro Obiang Nguema, a familiar figure at continental gatherings who has twice hosted the Heads of State summit, to raise his profile.
Fernandes Neto, Otoniel, Theodoro Sampaio e a Chapada Diamantina, Edicao do Autor, Brasilia, DF, 2005
Teixeira MM, Theodoro RC, de Carvalho MJ, Fernandes L, Paes HC, Hahn RC, Mendoza L, Bagagli E, San-Blas G, Felipe MS.
63) Before Musurus the only occurrence of the words [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] in combination is in Gregory of Nyssa's De Sancto Theodoro, 125.
Collectiones peregrinatiorum in Indiam orientalem et Indiam occidentalem, XIII partibus comprehenso a Theodoro, Joan-Theodoro de Bry, et a Matheo Merian publicatae.
Estevez, Patricia Caicedo, Yvette Souviron, Theodoro Valcarcel, Juan B.
Como exemplo, e possivel citar a Fundacao da cidade do Rio de Janeiro (1881) de Firmino Monteiro, a Fundacion de Santiago (1889), de Pedro Lira, a Fundacion de la ciudad de Mexico (1889), de Jose Jara; a Fundacao de Sao Vicente (1900), de Benedito Calixto, a Fundacao da cidade de Belem (1908), de Theodoro Braga.