Theognis


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Theognis

(thēŏg`nĭs), fl. 6th cent. B.C., Greek didactic poet of Megara. An aristocrat with fierce partisan feelings, he wrote for his young friend Cyrnus a series of elegies, often passionate in hate and in love, counseling moderation, faithfulness, and duty. Among the 1,400 surviving lines attributed to him are some known to be by other writers.

Theognis

 

(also Theognis of Megara). Flourished in the second half of the sixth century B.C. Greek lyric poet.

An aristocrat, Theognis took part in the political struggle and spent much of his life in exile. Two books of didactic verse attributed to him, the Elegies to Cyrnus, have been preserved. Theognis’ world view is dominated by the cult of family valor, hatred of the victorious “rabble,” and a thirst for wealth and power. Because, however, of the elegies’ traditional injunctions to honor the gods and one’s ancestors, he enjoyed considerable popularity in antiquity.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Elegii. Translated by A. Piotrovskii. Petrograd, 1922.
Elegii. In Ellinskie poety. Translated by V. Veresaev. Moscow, 1963.
References in classic literature ?
In a word, there is no more solid ground for treating Perses and his quarrel with Hesiod as fictitious than there would be for treating Cyrnus, the friend of Theognis, as mythical.
SOCRATES: And are you aware that not you only and other politicians have doubts whether virtue can be taught or not, but that Theognis the poet says the very same thing?
Sokrates Antwort versetzte das Problem auf eine hohere Ebene, indem er die Kalokagathie, die sittliche Vollkommenheit nannte, die man freilich nicht von Parfumverkaufern beziehen konne, sondern gemass dem Ausspruch des Theognis (Thgn.
17) The second part of the wisdom was widely known, going back to at least the sixth century BCE, to Theognis (line 425), and can be found after Plato in a fragment from Aristotle's lost dialogue, Eudemus.
In support of this, the author quotes Theognis (665-6 and 797-8).
Some famous Greek relationships were Achilles and Patroclus, Orestes and Pylades, Socrates and Alcibiades, and Theognis and Anacreon.
The second thesis is also beside the point, because moral education is not the purpose of rhetoric nor could it be effected by a public speech: In the final chapter of the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle says: "Now if speeches were in themselves enough to make men good, they would justly, as Theognis says, have won very great rewards .
Although his argument that the Greeks were unique in their development of a free culture may be speculative and not conclusive, his attention to the spectrum of dimensions of Greek culture provokes his reader to investigate further the influence of more obscure authors, such as Alcaeus or Theognis, or the inspiration the Greeks drew from its contact with the other great empires.
XXIX, 1, 21: inde factum est ut clementiae specie, penatibus multi protruderentur insontes, praeceps in exilium acti, quorum in aerario bona coacta, et ipse ad quaestus proprios redigebat, ut damnati cibo precario uictitarent, angustiis formidandae paupertatis adtriti, cuius meto uel in mare nos ire praecipites, suadet Theognis poeta uectus et prudens.
As the Greek philosopher Theognis said, "Justice is a virtue in which all other virtues are subsumed.
In Alcaeus, for example, Aphrodite appears "when the gates of spring are opened" (Fragment 296b) and in Theognis "Love rises in season, when the burgeoning earth blooms with spring flowers" (1275-76).