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(thûr`mĭdôr, Fr. tĕrmēdôr`), 11th month of the French Revolutionary calendarFrench Revolutionary calendar,
the official calendar of France, Nov. 24, 1793–Dec. 31, 1805. Its introduction was decreed by the Convention on Oct. 5, 1793, but it was computed from Sept. 22, 1792, the autumnal equinox and the day after the proclamation of the republic.
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. The coup of 9 Thermidor (July 27, 1794) marked the downfall of RobespierreRobespierre, Maximilien Marie Isidore
, 1758–94, one of the leading figures of the French Revolution. Early Life

A poor youth, he was enabled to study law in Paris through a scholarship.
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 and the end of the Reign of TerrorReign of Terror,
1793–94, period of the French Revolution characterized by a wave of executions of presumed enemies of the state. Directed by the Committee of Public Safety, the Revolutionary government's Terror was essentially a war dictatorship, instituted to rule the
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. The men who came into power were members of the old bourgeoisie and the newly rich who had profited from speculation and inflation. Extravagance in dress and manner prevailed. The JacobinsJacobins
, political club of the French Revolution. Formed in 1789 by the Breton deputies to the States-General, it was reconstituted as the Society of Friends of the Constitution after the revolutionary National Assembly moved (Oct., 1789) to Paris.
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 were suppressed, but the royalists did not gain power. The Thermidorians removed economic controls, thus unleashing inflation, and established some freedom of worship. The principal figures in the so-called Thermidorian reaction included BarrasBarras, Paul François Jean Nicolas, vicomte de
, 1755–1829, French revolutionary. Although of a noble family, he joined the Jacobins in the Revolution and was a member of the Convention.
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 and TallienTallien, Jean Lambert
, 1767–1820, French revolutionary. A law clerk and later a printer, he became known through his Jacobin journal, Ami des citoyens. A leader in the attack (Aug.
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. The period ended with the establishment of the DirectoryDirectory,
group of five men who held the executive power in France according to the constitution of the year III (1795) of the French Revolution. They were chosen by the new legislature, by the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Ancients; each year one director, chosen
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See A. Mathiez, The Thermidorian Reaction (1929, tr. 1930).



the 11th month of the year according to the republican calendar that was in effect in France from 1793 to 1805. Thermidor corresponded to the period from July 19/20 to August 17/18.

References in periodicals archive ?
Knowing what Thermidor meant didn't stop hundreds of thousands of Russian workers taking the gamble of supporting the seizure of power by a tight-knit underground party.
We recommend: Shrimp and avocado cocktail, lobster thermidor, harra beirutiyeh, sea bream
Lobster Thermidor is a French dish consisting of a creamy mixture of cooked lobster meat, egg yolks, and cognac or brandy, stuffed into a lobster shell.
After that, a reign of terror, that is followed by a Thermidor period.
The Thermidor preparation for crab and lobster is one of the real old traditional haute cuisine preparations, and it's certainly not shy of the cream, butter, eggs and booze.
King prawn thermidor Ingredients: (serves four), 1/2 oz rice, 1 oz white crab meat, 2oz butter, 4 king prawns, tablespoon olive oil, half an onion, 1 clove garlic, 1 pint fish stock, 1/4 pint of double cream, pinch of saffron, 1 teaspoon of English mustard, 1/2 oz parmesan, a pinch salt and a pinch pepper Method: Cook rice until tender, sit in bottom of ramekin then add white crab meat.
He is caught, but the chef, Henry, spares him and Thermidor repays him with his secret recipe.
I first came across the traditional French dish lobster thermidor when I worked as a commis chef at The Savoy, as it was introduced to the UK by their first head chef, Escoffier.
highlights lobster thermidor, shark's fin soup and prime rib.
Additionally, Desan sees the drift away from revolutionary theory and practice as a reaction to the revolution beginning under Thermidor.
Other new products form The Seafood Company include Prawns in Scallop Shell, Crab in Scallop Shell, Hot bake Scallop in Scallop Shell, Cromer Crab Gratin and Lobster Thermidor all contained in distinctive serving plates.