As Mr Desama points out: "The THERMIE programme ends in 1994 and we must now consider the possibility of a new five-year programme.
Mr de Sampaio Nunes adds that: "Since 1973 different Community Energy Technology Demonstration Programmes, of which the most recent is THERMIE, have supported 2,868 projects in the fields of rational use of energy (RUE), renewable energy sources (RES), solid fuels (SF) and hydrocarbons (HC) with an investment of 1,700 million ECU.
First indications from completed THERMIE projects on energy efficiency (25% of the total programme) are that the rate of business success (which means that the project has an acceptable financial payback or shows significant other benefits, such as environmental) and replication level of supported technologies are both higher than in previous energy programmes.
Small-scale combined heat and power technology in Central Europe, the use of wind turbines, new technology for solar-thermal energy and photovoltaic systems for architects are all areas of technological development which should also be boosted by THERMIE
The THERMIE component of the programme focuses largely on the demonstration of clean, efficient, cost-effective and environmentally-friendly energy technologies.
Broadly, between 1995-1997, THERMIE focused on six specific areas; geothermal energy, small-scale hydro-electricity, photovoltaics, wind energy, energy from biomass and waste and solar thermal energy.
The priorities for THERMIE within the objective of promoting small-scale hydro-electricity projects focused on two main areas; technological improvements to improve performance and environmental modifications to existing plants.
Renovation has been a main concern for THERMIE activities in this field.
Spain and Ireland now boast two wind demonstration projects thanks to THERMIE funding.
When the current Thermie programme expires at the end of 1998, it will be replaced by a new "energy-environment" programme, containing 10 actions, instead of the current 20, in an attempt to make each one more efficient.
In Lisbon, details were given of new energy-saving buildings in Denmark, the Netherlands, Spain, the UK, Norway, Finland, France and Portugal most of which had been paid for in part by the Thermie programme and all of which save up to 50% more energy than conventional constructions.