Thermodynamic Cycle


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thermodynamic cycle

[¦thər·mō·dī′nam·ik ′sī·kəl]
(thermodynamics)
A procedure or arrangement in which some material goes through a cyclic process and one form of energy, such as heat at an elevated temperature from combustion of a fuel, is in part converted to another form, such as mechanical energy of a shaft, the remainder being rejected to a lower temperature sink. Also known as heat cycle.

Cycle, Thermodynamic

 

a cycle that is completed by a thermodynamic system. The cycles studied in thermodynamics are combinations of various thermodynamic processes, primarily isothermal, adiabatic, isobaric, and isochoric processes.

Figure 1. Thermodynamic cycles in volume (V)-pressure (p) coordinates: (a) the Carnot cycle, (b) the Clapeyron cycle, (c) the Clausius-Rankine cycle

The Carnot cycle (Figure 1, a), the Clapeyron cycle (Figure 1, b), and the Clausius-Rankine cycle (Figure l,c; seeRANKINE CYCLE) are some of the thermodynamic cycles that have played an important role in the evolution of the general principles of thermodynamics and in the development of engineering applications of thermodynamics. Such thermodynamic cycles have been used to study general regularities of the operation of heat engines— that is, internal-and external-combustion engines and turbines— and refrigeration units. (See; STIRLING ENGINE; and WANKEL ENGINE.)

References in periodicals archive ?
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As a result, the atom is subjected to a thermodynamic cycle.
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Coolerado's genesis has its roots in the Cold War-era research of Valeriy Maisotsenko, who discovered a thermodynamic cycle developing cooling systems for tanks in the Ukraine.
The thermal gradient between the waters of the Negro and Solimoes rivers can be harnessed to generate energy with a thermodynamic cycle similar to that used in thermal power plants.
Theoretical analysis minimize the number of experimental tests that have conducted, which are usually costly and time consuming when new thermodynamic cycle technologically advanced are appraised.
The theoretical thermodynamic cycle analyses of these refrigerants had been provided by refrigerant suppliers under typical operating conditions for refrigeration applications.
Coverage begins with fundamental concepts and continues with the engine thermodynamic cycle and vehicle powertrain performance; dynamics, friction, and noise, vibration and harshness; and heat rejection, air system engine controls, and system integration.