Third Internationalists

Third Internationalists

 

(in Italian, Terzinternaziona-listi), members of the Third International faction, which arose in late 1921 within the Maximalist group (seeMASSIMALISTI) of the Italian Socialist Party (ISP). The Third Internationalists argued for the expulsion of the reformists from the ISP and for the ISP’s joining the Comintern. At the Nineteenth Congress of the ISP in October 1922, the Maximalists, including the Third Internationalists, achieved the expulsion of the reformists from the ISP. After the Fourth Congress of the Comintern, G. Serrati, the director of the ISP newspaper Avanti!, joined the Third Internationalists and argued for the merger of the ISP with the Communist Party. At an extraordinary congress of the ISP in April 1923, however, the supporters of the Third International faction failed to receive a majority of the votes and were not elected to the party’s leadership. In February 1924 the leadership of the ISP expelled the Third Internationalists from the party. In August 1924 the Third Internationalists (about 4,500 persons) joined the Communist Party.