Saint Thomas

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Thomas, Saint,

one of the Twelve Apostles, called Didymus. According to John, he refused to believe in the resurrection until he saw Jesus' wounds; hence the expression "doubting Thomas." John 11.16; 14.5; 20.24–29; 21.2. By tradition he is said to have gone as missionary to Parthia or India. The Syriac-rite Christians of Malabar, India, whose church was established by the 3d cent., claim St. Thomas as their founder. Among the PseudepigraphaPseudepigrapha
[Gr.,=things falsely ascribed], a collection of early Jewish and some Jewish-Christian writings composed between c.200 B.C. and c.A.D. 200, not found in the Bible or rabbinic writings.
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 are a Gospel of Thomas and Acts of Thomas. In addition, a Gospel of Thomas was among the 4th-century Coptic books found at Nag HammadiNag Hammadi
, a town in Egypt near the ancient town of Chenoboskion, where, in 1945, a large cache of gnostic texts in the Coptic language was discovered. The Nag Hammadi manuscripts, dating from the 4th cent. A.D.
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. Feast: Dec. 21.

Bibliography

See E. Pagels, Beyond Belief: The Secret Gospel of Thomas (2003).


Saint Thomas,

island (2010 pop. 51,634), 32 sq mi (83 sq km), one of the U.S. Virgin IslandsVirgin Islands,
group of about 100 small islands, West Indies, E of Puerto Rico. The islands are divided politically between the United States and Great Britain. Although constituting the westernmost part of the Lesser Antilles, the Virgin Islands form a geological unit with
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, West Indies. Charlotte AmalieCharlotte Amalie
, town (2010 pop. 10,354), capital of the Virgin Islands of the United States, on St. Thomas Island. It is the commercial center of the islands, a free port, and a popular tourist resort. Founded in the late 17th cent.
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, the capital of the U.S. Virgin Islands, and a campus of the Univ. of the Virgin Islands are on Saint Thomas. Tourism is the main economic activity.

Saint Thomas,

city (1991 pop. 29,990), S Ont., Canada, S of London. Originally the center for a rich agricultural area, it became a rail and manufacturing center beginning in the late 1800s. Motor vehicle assembly plants dominated the city's industries from the mid-20th cent., but the last closed in 2011; automotive parts and plumbing fixtures are produced.

Saint Thomas

1. an island in the E Caribbean, in the Virgin Islands of the US. Capital: Charlotte Amalie. Pop.: 51 181 (2000). Area: 83 sq. km (28 sq. miles)
2. the former name (1921--37) of Charlotte Amalie