Thomas Fairfax


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Fairfax, Thomas

(1693–1781) British peer, landowner; born in Denton, England. He succeeded to his title (Lord Fairfax of Cameron) in 1709. He came to Virginia (1735) to defend his proprietary rights to the "Northern Neck," the area between the Potomac and Rappahannock Rivers. His claim was upheld (1745) and he immigrated permanently (1747), the only British peer who resided in the New America. He was justice of the peace and a friend of the young George Washington (whose half-brother, Lawrence, was married to a Fairfax). During the American Revolution, he was unmolested and his estate remained intact until his death.

Fairfax, Thomas

 

(third Baron Fairfax). Born Jan. 17, 1612, in Dentón, Yorkshire; died Nov. 12, 1671, in Nun Appleton. Figure in the English Civil War of the 17th century.

In January 1645, on the suggestion of O. Cromwell, Fairfax was appointed general and commander in chief of Parliament’s New Model Army. However, the real power in the army’s command was held by Cromwell. After Pride’s Purge, the removal of Presbyterians from the Long Parliament in December 1648, Fairfax switched his allegiance to the Independents, an opposition group. He retired in 1650. In 1659 and 1660, Fairfax supported the restoration of the Stuarts.

References in periodicals archive ?
She said that they are related to each other via a man named Sir Thomas Fairfax and his wife, Agnes Gascoigne.
WHEN was Thomas Fairfax appointed commander of the New Model Army?
Thus, the Fairfax poems use the natural world to consolidate the identity of Thomas Fairfax, but also to interrogate the validity of those patriarchal consolidations through a variety of engagements with nature, especially in figures like the poet-narrator and Mary Fairfax in Upon Appleton House who simultaneously underwrite but also query the masculine values inherent in relationships of patronage and paternity.
So perhaps we shouldn't have been surprised when she revealed in 2011 that she Ellen is related to the Duchess of Cambridge through a common ancestor, Thomas Fairfax, whose home was Gillingham Castle.
So perhaps we shouldn't have been surprised when she revealed in 2011 that she is related to the Duchess of Cambridge through a common ancestor, Thomas Fairfax, whose home was Gillingham Castle.
The pair are 14th cousins, twice removed, according to an ancestral tracing company in Boston which discovered they are related through Sir Thomas Fairfax and his wife, Agnes Gascoigne, who lived in England in the early 1500s.
1644: Sir Thomas Fairfax was victorious at the Battle of Selby in the English Civil War.
But he was later killed at the age of just 27 at the Battle of Naseby, where the main army of King Charles I was destroyed by the Parliamentarian's New Model Army, commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell.
FEAST DAY OF ST GUTHLAC 1644: Sir Thomas Fairfax was victorious at the Battle of Selby in the English Civil War.
Purportedly an encomium to his patron Sir Thomas Fairfax, who led parliamentarian forces until his growing dissatisfaction with the English revolution prompted an early retirement on June 26, 1650 (Chernaik 23), "Appleton House" has prompted interpretations that run the spectrum of possible genres, from epic (Wallace 239-43) to topographical (Spencer 68-80; James Turner 49-84) to pastoral (Friedman 199-252) to typological (Rostvig 172-90) to apocalyptic (Stocker 46-66) and finally, to the epideictic celebration of the Fairfax family and estate (Patterson 10110).
Scots actor Dougray Scott plays Lord General Thomas Fairfax with Tim Roth plays Oliver Cromwell.
To Kill A King recounts the stormy relationship between one-time blood brothers Thomas Fairfax (Scott) and Oliver Cromwell (Roth), the two key figures of the English Civil War.