Thomas Middleton


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Middleton, Thomas,

1580–1627, English dramatist, b. London, grad. Queen's College, Oxford, 1598. His early plays were chiefly written in collaboration with DekkerDekker, Thomas,
c,1570–1632, English dramatist and pamphleteer. Little is known of his life except that he frequently suffered from poverty and served several prison terms for debt. He began his literary career c.1598 working for Philip Henslowe.
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, DraytonDrayton, Michael,
1563–1631, English poet. The son of a prosperous tradesman, he received his educational training in the house of Sir Henry Goodere, where he served as page.
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, and others. Between 1604 and 1611 he wrote realistic, satiric comedies of London life, including A Trick to Catch the Old One (c.1604), Michaelmas Term (c.1605), The Roaring Girl (c.1610, with Dekker), and A Chaste Maid in Cheapside (1611). His comedies, like his early pamphlets, expose contemporary vice and give graphic pictures of the more scabrous side of Jacobean life. During the years 1613 to 1618 he wrote tragicomedies. From 1621 to the end of his career he wrote his most notable plays, two powerful tragedies about the corruption of character, The Changeling (1622, with William RowleyRowley, William
, 1585?–1642?, English playwright and actor. He collaborated with many noted dramatists, including Dekker, Ford, and Webster; his best work, notably The Changeling (1622), was written with Thomas Middleton.
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,) and Women Beware Women (1625). Some modern scholarship suggests that he wrote a significant portion of ShakespeareShakespeare, William,
1564–1616, English dramatist and poet, b. Stratford-upon-Avon. He is widely considered the greatest playwright who ever lived. Life
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's Timon of Athens (c.1607, pub. 1623). Middleton was severely reproved by the Privy Council for his anti-Spanish political satire, A Game at Chess (1624). In addition to his plays, he wrote civic pageants and masques.

Bibliography

See his works ed. by A. H. Bullen (8 vol., 1885–86); bibliography by S. J. Steen (1985); studies by C. Asp (1974) and A. L. Kistner (1984); B. Vickers, Shakespeare, Co-Author (2003).

Middleton, Thomas

 

Born Apr. 18, 1580, in London; died July 4, 1627, at Newington Butts. English playwright.

Middleton graduated from Oxford University in 1598. From 1620 to 1627, he was chronologist of London. His creative work reveals the crisis of the humanistic world view and of Renaissance drama.

Middleton’s allegorical satire The Blacke Booke (1604) expresses the notion of the depravity of human nature, an idea that pervades his dramatic works. The comedy A Tricke to Catch the Old-one (staged 1604, published 1608) is a satire on bourgeois money-grubbing. In the play Women Beware Women (staged 1621, published 1657) a society corroded by vices is depicted. The tragicomedy The Witch (published 1778) develops the theme of man’s weakness in the face of demonic forces. Middleton collaborated with other playwrights on many plays.

The allegorical drama A Game at Chesse, which contained topical political allusions, was suppressed by order of the king. In the 1960’s several successful performances of Middleton’s plays were staged in Great Britain.

WORKS

Works, vols. 1–8. London, 1885–86.
A Critical Edition. Michigan, 1958.

REFERENCES

Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 1, fasc. 2. Moscow, 1945. Pages 126–29. Barker, R. H. T. Middleton. New York, 1959.
Eliot, T. S. “T. Middleton.” In his book Elizabethan Dramatists. London, 1963.
Holmes, D. M. The Art of T. Middleton. Oxford, 1970. (Bibliography, pp. 227–32.)
MIDDLETON, THOMAS. Born Apr. 18, 1580, in London; died July 4, 1627, at Newington Butts. English playwright.
Middleton graduated from Oxford University in 1598. From 1620 to 1627, he was chronologist of London. His creative work reveals the crisis of the humanistic world view and of Renaissance drama.
Middleton’s allegorical satire The Blacke Booke (1604) ex-presses the notion of the depravity of human nature, an idea that pervades his dramatic works. The comedy A Tricke to Catch the Old-one (staged 1604, published 1608) is a satire on bourgeois money-grubbing. In the play Women Beware Women (staged 1621, published 1657) a society corroded by vices is depicted. The tragicomedy The Witch (published 1778) develops the theme of man’s weakness in the face of demonic forces. Middleton collaborated with other playwrights on many plays.

E. V. KORNILOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Gary Taylor and John Lavagnino, and Thomas Middleton and Early Modern Textual Culture: A Companion to The Collected Works, ed.
The Northumberland squad for the grand final is: Cameron Fletcher-Smith (Burgham GC), Owen Thomas (Ponteland GC), James Potts (Prudhoe GC), Niamh Lendrum (Parklands GC), Morgan Bulman (Tynemouth GC), Aiden Layug (Morpeth GC), Matthew Grant (unattached), Thomas Middleton (Parklands GC), Gabriel Rodda (Ponteland GC), Ben Sweet (Morpeth GC), Bertie Hinson (Rothbury GC), Finlay Laverick (Stocksfield GC), Dylan Povey (Westerhope GC), Emily Forman (Newbiggin GC), Jessica Mohon (Tynemouth GC) and Sarah Fay (Morpeth GC).
Part Two is an in-depth examination of Shakespeare's collaboration with four authors: George Peele (Titus Andronicus), Thomas Middleton (Timon of Athens), George Wilkins (Pericles), and John Fletcher (Henry VIII and The Two Noble Kinsmen).
Sean Holmes directs the 17th century black comedy A New Way To Please You at Trafalgar Studios, Written by Thomas Middleton and William Rowley, it's part of the RSC's Gunpowder season of political drama.
In fact, Thomas Middleton and William Rowley's rarely performed play is an example of early 17th Century tragicomedy, and a fine one at that.
Its argument, proved with massive supporting evidence for each play, is that each of them is the product of collaboration, with George Peele (for Titus), Thomas Middleton (for Timon), George Wilkins (for Pericles), and John Fletcher (for the last two) the co-authors.
La obra de Thomas Middleton A Game at Chess obtuvo la licencia de Sir Henry Herbert en junio de 1624 y se estreno el 6 de agosto del mismo ano, convirtiendose en un exito sin precedentes en el teatro "publico" ingles de principios del XVII.
Henry V'' kicks off the Globe season, opening June 14; ``A Winter's Tale'' opens June 19; ``A Chaste Maid in Cheapside'' by Thomas Middleton opens Aug.
And so, for instance, "Shakespeare criticism is in full flight from his aesthetic supremacy and works at reducing him to the 'social energies' of the English Renaissance, as though there were no authentic difference in aesthetic merit between the creator of Lear, Hamlet, Iago, Falstaff and his disciples such as John Webster and Thomas Middleton," says Bloom.
She was the subject of The Roaring Girle (performed 1604-10; published 1611), a play by Thomas Middleton and Thomas Dekker.
c1623) A tragedy by Thomas Middleton and William Rowley.
On display are the monumentalizing ambitions of such writers (and/or, as Genette would have it, of their 'allies') as William Alexander, Thomas Carew, Samuel Daniel, George Gascoigne, the now obscure Robert Gomersall, Fulke Greville, Thomas Heywood, Ben Jonson, Thomas Killigrew, 'the onely Rare Poet of that Time, The Witie, Comicall, Facetiously-Quicke and vparaieild' John Lyly, John Marston, Thomas Middleton, Thomas Newman, Thomas Norton, Thomas Randolph, John Tatham, the various translators of Seneca, Sir Philip Sidney, and, of course, William Shakespeare.