Thomas Mun


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Mun, Thomas

 

Born 1571; died 1641. English economist and representative of the late mercantilist school. Member of the board of the East India Company and of the government’s standing commission on trade.

In his England’s Treasure by Forraigne Trade, published in 1664, Mun explained and defended the concept of a favorable balance of trade, thus reflecting the interests of the commercial bourgeoisie during the period of the primitive accumulation of capital. K. Marx characterized Mun’s work as an epoch-making achievement that became the gospel of mercantilism (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 20, pp. 240–41).

Like all mercantilists, Mun equated wealth with money, but he rejected the system requiring a directly favorable balance of specie (bullion). He considered it necessary instead to increase the supply of specie by an excess of exports over imports, placing great emphasis on intermediary trade. In this regard, Mun viewed money not only as precious metal, as early mercantilists typically did, but also as a means of circulation and as capital. Mun was the forefather of the quantity theory of money.

REFERENCES

Merkantilizm (a collection). Leningrad, 1935. Pages 109–39, 158–83.
Mordukhovich, L. M. Ocherki istorii ekonomicheskikh uchenii. Moscow, 1957. Chapter 4.
Istoriia ekonomicheskoi mysli, pt. 1. [Moscow] 1961. Pages 182–83.

L. M. MORDUKHOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
Chapter II discusses the theoretical systems of Thomas Mun and Gerard de Malynes, and maps the price revolution controversy and the balance of trade debate.
Thomas Mun (1571-1641) began his work as a merchant in the Mediterranean, especially in Italy; as he himself reminds in England's Treasure by Forraign Trade (1664).
58) Thomas Mun, England's Treasure by Forraign Trade (London, 1664; repr.
At 9:00 PM, uniformed San Jose PD Officers Thomas Mun and Chad Marshall respond to the call, told that the matter is in reference to unattended children.
Thomas Mun, mercader afortunado, famoso entre los comerciantes y hombres de empresa del siglo XVI, coloca al comercio en el plano mas alto de la economia.
The mercantilists Thomas Mun and Edward Misselden challenged the conservative Gerald de Malyne's view that the monarchy should assure a favorable balance of trade with foreign nations by controlling the English economy, using its powers to grant royal privileges and monopolies.
Writers such as Gerard Malynes and Thomas Mun had largely concerned themselves with specific economic problems produced by the particular circumstances of the day.