Thomas Stamford Raffles

Raffles, Thomas Stamford


Born July 5, 1781, in Port Morant, Jamaica; died July 5, 1826, in Highwood, near Barnet, Hertfordshire. British colonial figure.

Raffles belonged to the left wing of the Whig Party. He worked for the British East India Company and in 1805 was sent to Malaya. He played a role in the seizure in 1811 of Dutch possessions in Indonesia. From 1811 to 1816 he was governor of Java and several territories on Sumatra, Sulawesi, Kalimantan (Borneo), and the Lesser Sunda Islands. He was governor of the British possessions in West Sumatra from 1818 to early 1824. In 1819 he set in motion the seizure of the island of Singapore by British colonialists and the conversion of the city of Singapore into a major trading port.

Raffles’ reforms in Java included the abolition of taxes in kind and feudal obligations, limitation of the rights of feudal landlords, and introduction of a uniform land tax. These reforms were basically aimed at converting the colony into a market for British industry. After the restoration of Dutch rule in Indonesia, Raffles’ reforms were nullified. Raffles is the author of The History of Java (vols. 1–2, 1817).

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1819, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founded which colonial state?
There is a gleaming white statue of Thomas Stamford Raffles, founder of modern Singapore, at the riverside spot where he is said to have landed.
The British government's decision to hand Java back to the Dutch after the Napoleonic Wars was opposed by many of the senior colonial officials who had served in Java, with Thomas Stamford Raffles and John Crawfurd being the leading literary advocates for retaining Java for the British.
We therefore learn a great deal about the lives and achievements of the curators, directors and scientists whose careers intersected with the natural history collections--from Thomas Stamford Raffles to current museum head Peter Ng--and their efforts to build or preserve what Tan describes as "the closest thing Singapore has to a national treasure" (p.
To acknowledge that the island has a history prior to the landing of Thomas Stamford Raffles and the English East India Company in 1819 would open the door to numerous contestations that do not fit neatly into the dominant state narrative of a small, insignificant fishing village that British guidance and the modern developmental state has willed into modernity, and has been largely ignored in official accounts and textbooks in the nation-state until recently.
In 1819 a representative of the British East India Company, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, recognized the commercial and tactical importance of Singapore, and intervened in a local civil war on the side of Sultan Tenjku Hussein, offering to recognize him as the ruler of the region and provide him with a yearly payment.
30pm on October 26 along with Victoria Glendinning who has written a book about Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, founder of Singapore.
Formally founded in 1819 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, whose name is stamped on the best hotel on the island and much else besides, Singapore was from the start a multi-cultural city.
Explore The hotel dates back to 1887 and was named after Singapore's English founder, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, who transformed it from a fishing village into a bustling trade route 68 years earlier.
Ahmat bin Adam 1971 A Descriptive Account of the Malay Letters sent to Thomas Stamford Raffles in Malacca in 1810 and 1811 by the Rulers of the Indigenous States of the Malay Archipelago.
He's undoubtedly keen on the individuals (Clive of India, say, or Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, who founded Singapore) who helped forge the empire.
Thus chapter two focuses on Bacon's successors William Marsdan and Joseph Banks and the subsequent figures of Thomas Stamford Raffles, James Brooke, Alfred Wallace, Hugh Clifford, and Frank Swettenham, all of whom justified on scientific grounds their panoptical, totalizing view.