Thomas Willis

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Willis, Thomas,

1621–75, English physician and anatomist. He became professor at Oxford in 1660 and in 1666 established a practice in London. An authority on the brain and the nervous system, he discovered the 11th cranial nerve and a circle of arteries at the base of the brain (the circle of Willis). He was the first to note the presence of sugar in the urine of diabetics. His works, written in Latin, include Of the Anatomy of the Brain, illustrated by Sir Christopher Wren, published in 1664, and translated in The Remaining Medical Works … of Doctor Thomas Willis (1681).

Willis, Thomas


Born Jan. 27, 1621, in Oxford; died Nov. 11, 1675, in London. English anatomist and physician.

Willis studied in Oxford and became a professor at Oxford University in 1660. In 1667 he moved to London, where he became famous for combining the practical work of a physician with research on the anatomy of the brain and its blood vessels. Willis’ name is given to arteries at the base of the brain, to the llth pair of cranial nerves—the accessory nerve—which he was the first to describe, and to part of the stomach bordering on the pylorus.


Cerebri anatome, cui accessit Nervorum descriptio et usus. Amsterdam, 1683.


Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte, 2nd ed., vol. 5. Edited by A. Hirsch. Berlin, 1934.
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En esta medida el paso del cardiocentrismo al neurocentrismo actual se debe, en buena parte, a Thomas Willis, quien y junto a otros sabios acuno el termino neurologia, ademas de ser pionero en la idea de curar todas las enfermedades mentales por medio de procedimientos quimicos.
15, 1962, in Springfield to Robert and Judith Thomas Willis.
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A third man, Thomas Willis, 72, from the north of England, was said to be too ill in prison to attend the hearing yesterday.
It was the English physician Thomas Willis (1621-1675) who in 1670 was the first modern to point out the sweetness.
It describes the nature and identification of the etiological agent, Salmonella; two famous outbreaks (the Plague of Athens and the final illness and death of Alexander the Great); the deaths from typhoid fever of major figures in history; the roles of Thomas Willis, William Wood Gerhard, Pierre-Charles-Alexandre Louis, Robert Koch, Walter Reed, William Budd, and others; the diagnostic test developed by Fernand Widal and Albert GrEnbaum; the story of oTyphoid Maryo; the work of Almroth Wright and others in vaccination; typhoid in the American army; and typhoid in the 21st century.
Along with Charles II, eminent users or prescribers included Francis I, Elizabeth I's surgeon John Banister, Elizabeth Grey, countess of Kent, Robert Boyle, Thomas Willis, William III, and Queen Mary.
This is a book of biographies, and the subjects are George Sharpe, Thomas Browne, Henry Power, Thomas Willis, William Petty, Laurence Sterne, Victor Horsley, Hugh Cairns and finally Julius Hallervorden.