Thomson, Sir George Paget

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Thomson, Sir George Paget,

1892–1975, English physicist; son of Sir Joseph John ThomsonThomson, Sir Joseph John,
1856–1940, English physicist. From 1884 to 1919 he was Cavendish professor of experimental physics at Cambridge. J. J. Thomson was one of the founders of modern physics.
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. He was professor of natural philosophy at the Univ. of Aberdeen (1922–30) and from 1930 to 1952 was professor of physics at Imperial College, Univ. of London. In 1952, he became master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. He shared with C. J. DavissonDavisson, Clinton Joseph
, 1881–1958, American physicist, b. Bloomington, Ill. He joined the engineering department of the Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1917. Davisson worked on thermionics, magnetism, and electron diffraction. His demonstrations with L. H.
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 the 1937 Nobel Prize in Physics for their simultaneous, independent discovery of diffraction phenomena in the electron. In 1943 he was knighted. His works include The Atom (1930, 6th ed. 1962), The Wave Mechanics of Free Electrons (1930), Theory and Practice of Electron Diffraction (with William Cochrane, 1939), and The Inspiration of Science (1961).