Thoracotomy


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Thoracotomy

 

surgical incision of the wall of the chest. It is performed to treat diseases of or injury to the organs of the thorax, or for drainage of exudates. Thoracotomy is sometimes used in operations on organs of the upper abdomen, particularly the cardiac portion of the stomach. Depending on the site of the organ to be operated on and the disease, thoracotomy may be anterior, posterior, lateral, anterolateral, or posterolateral; other types of thoracotomy include pleurotomy, mediastinotomy, and pericardiotomy and their combinations. Thoracotomy is performed under general anesthesia, most commonly intratracheal, in combination with relaxants and controlled respiration.

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With regard to alternative approaches, while open thoracotomy is an option, there has been a reported death during attempted resection of a mediastinal tumour in a neonate via a thoracotomy.
Only when there was no clinical response to pericardiocentesis or recurrent accumulation was a thoracotomy undertaken.
I was then placed under the UHW and had a thoracotomy operation on my lung to remove the mass.
Our surgical approach to short-gap TOF-OA repair involves posterolateral thoracotomy (fourth intercostal space) with extrapleural dissection (without pre-procedure bronchoscopy).
However, six of these operations are done each week at Green Lane so even this has become a routine procedure, and in a straightforward, uncomplicated case the progress can be as rapid as in an ordinary thoracotomy.
The only clue was a thoracotomy on the left side due to a pleuritis in childhood.
There are 68 chapters in all, with the initial 19 providing an overview of basic concepts and general approaches to the traumatized patient, including chapters on trauma outcomes, rural trauma, management of shock, anesthesia, infection, and emergency department thoracotomy.
She eventually paid for the scan herself to avoid having a thoracotomy - major surgery which involves opening the chest cavity.
His report said a thoracotomy would have cost the NHS more than the scan, running to "several thousand pounds".
4% of the total number needed a thoracotomy (254 out of 7 172) and 73% survived (186 out of 254).
He had undergone a thoracotomy, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.