Johan Rudolf Thorbecke

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Thorbecke, Johan Rudolf


Born Jan. 15, 1798, in Zwolle; died June 4, 1872, in The Hague. Dutch state and political figure.

Thorbecke graduated from the University of Leiden in 1820; thereupon he went to Germany to continue his studies until 1824. In 1825 he became a professor of diplomatic history at the University of Ghent, and in 1831 he was appointed a professor of constitutional law at the University of Leiden. From 1840 to 1849 and again from 1853 to 1862, Thorbecke was a deputy to the Second Chamber of the States General as a member of the Liberal Party, becoming the chamber’s presiding officer in 1840. In 1848 he initiated amendments to the Dutch constitution limiting the power of the monarchy in favor of parliament.

Thorbecke served three terms as prime minister, from 1849 to 1853, from 1862 to 1866, and finally from 1871 to 1872. The governments he headed were responsible for several bourgeois reforms, including a new election law, reduced customs tariffs, and the abolition of slavery in the Dutch West Indies.


Boersema, K. H. I. R. Thorbecke: Ein historisch-critische Studie. Leiden, 1949.
References in periodicals archive ?
The keynote speaker at the conference, Erik Thorbecke, described African conditions pre-2000 as a 'migration of misery' with workers pushed out of agriculture, rather than being pulled to more productive non-agricultural employment.
Voluntary ex ante transparency notice: sale leasehold agreement for the redevelopment of the thorbecke square.
However, careful studies like Thorbecke (2005) and Banerjee and Duflo (2006) show that this does not happen.
Erik Thorbecke, "The Evolution of the Development Doctrine and the Role of Foreign Aid, 1950-2000: in Finn Tarp and Peter Hjertholm (ed), Foreign Aid and Development: Lessons Learnt and Directions for the Future (New York, Routledge, 2000).
Nagler-Anderson C, Bober LA, Robinson ME, Siskind GW, Thorbecke GJ.
alpha] indexes (Foster, Greet, and Thorbecke, 1984, 2010)--like the headcount index, the depth or the severity index--originally measured poverty based on economic entities that are poor in the sense of having an income below a certain income level.
van Eickels, born inszenierten Konsens zum systematisierten Konflikt: Die englisch-franzosische Beziehungen and ihre Wahrnehmung an der Wende unto Hoch-zum Spatmittelalter (Stuttgart: Thorbecke, 2002); Conflict in Medieval Europe: Changing Perspectives on Society and Culture, ed.
Their daughter, Sonya Stokowski Thorbecke, provides special memories.
Were China to adopt an exchange-rate regime characterized by a multiple-currency, basket-based reference rate with a reasonably wide band - a policy first proposed by Willem Thorbecke of the Asian Development Bank Institute - the huge surpluses generated within Asia's production networks would cause the region's currencies to appreciate together, instead of putting pressure on just one or two, as is happening today.
Mathias Beer and Dittmar Dahlmann (Stuttgart: Thorbecke, 1999), 151-57; Detlef Brandes, Von den Zaren adoptiert: Die deutschen Kolonisten und die Balkansiedler in Neurussland und Bessarabien, 1715-1914 (Munich: Oldenburg, 1993), 94; Andreas Gestrich, "German Religious Emigration to Russia in the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries," in In Search of Peace and Prosperity: New German Settlements in Eighteenth-Century Europe and America, ed.
Numerous empirical studies (eg, Thorbecke and Smith, 2010; Garcia-Herrero and Koivu, 2007) estimated China's export elasticity to real exchange rates and concluded that the yuan's appreciation would give rise to a significant decrease in China's exports, thus reducing China's trade surplus substantially.