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a pedigree animal; purebred



the fastest breed of horse in the world. The Thoroughbred was developed in Great Britain in the late 17th and early 18th centuries by crossing local breeds with Oriental breeds (the Barb, Turk, Arabian, and Turkmen) and European breeds (Neapolitan and Spanish). It has been improved strictly through pure breeding. The Thoroughbred is bred for speed and efficiency on racetracks. In the late 18th century the breed was imported by many countries, including Russia. In the USSR, it is one of the main breeds used in improving saddle horses.

The Thoroughbred is a large horse with a harmonious conformation. The head is delicate, the withers are high and long, the back is relatively short, and the legs are slender, with well-defined tendons. The coat is chestnut, bay, roan, black, or gray. The average measurements are as follows: height at the withers, 161 to 162 cm; chest circumference, 182 to 186 cm; and circumference of the front cannon bone, 19 to 20 cm. Thoroughbreds are used for sport and to improve saddle-horse breeds, including the Trakehner, Hanoverian, Budennyi, and Kustanai breeds. The world record for 1,200 m is 1 min 07.4 sec; for 2,400 m, 2 min 23 sec; and for 3,200 m, 3 min 19 sec. The countries of Europe and the USA have the greatest number of Thoroughbreds. In the USSR, Thoroughbreds are raised in stud farms in the RSFSR, Ukrainian SSR, Georgian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Kirghiz SSR, and Kazakh SSR. A continuous exchange between countries of purebreds is conducted to improve the breed. The USSR imports sires from Great Britain, France, and the USA and exports its horses to Italy, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Poland.


Kniga o loshadi, vol. 1. Compiled under the direction of S. M. Budennyi. Moscow, 1952.
Vitt, V. O. Praktika i teoriia chistokrovnogo konnozavodstva. Moscow, 1957.
Konnozavodstvo i konnyi sport. Edited by Iu. N. Barmintsev. [Moscow] 1972.


References in periodicals archive ?
A COLLECTION of the world's leading thoroughbred geneticists will gather for the first Thoroughbred Pedigree and Genetics Symposium, to be held in Kentucky on October 11.
Phoenix Interests' core historical business was "pinhooking," namely acquiring undervalued yearling thoroughbred horses and reselling them as two-year-olds in training or as racing prospects.
We also invite entries from anybody who owns a thoroughbred - whether raced or not, from foals to veterans, and even those still racing at present.
Carrie Humble, MBE, founder and director of the Thoroughbred Rehabilitation Centre said today: "We are most grateful to ultimatebet.
Not only does the ARO provide opportunities for thoroughbreds who no longer have a place racing under BHA rules, but it also gives young jockeys, many of whom are making the step up from pony racing, an introduction to race-riding at a more competitive level on both arab and thoroughbred horses before they take out an apprenticeship.
The contests are set to be conditions-based in the first year with Anglo-Arabs receiving weight from thoroughbreds on a regularly monitored basis.
It's not minor-league thoroughbred racing, it's major-league quarter-horse racing.
Compare top thoroughbreds with Black Ruby, the 10-year-old chestnut mare who goes into this 400-yard ``Mule Duel'' with 47 victories in 54 official starts, her only two defeats in the past 26 tries having come at the hooves of Taz.
ERT trustee Stephen Crown, who is also a council member of the ROA, said: "There could not be a more appropriate recipient of the first payment than the Thoroughbred Rehabilitation Centre, which does such tremendous work.
PDT today, Baffert and the horse he couldn't recognize without a program could be on their way to the thoroughbred racing history books.
The course, which consists of four one-day modules covering thoroughbreds in training and at stud, will run for two years.
3 (behind Man o' War and Secretariat) among the century's thoroughbreds.