Thraupidae


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Thraupidae

 

(tanager family), a family of birds of the order Passeriformes. The Thraupidae range from 7.6 to 30 cm in length. The bill is conical. The plumage is very brightly colored, often with spotted areas (for example, red or green). In most species the sexes are unlike in coloration.

There are 236 species of Thraupidae, distributed in North America, Central America, and South America except for the extreme north and treeless south. Some species are migratory. The Thraupidae inhabit forests and shrubs; in tropical forests, they keep to the tops of trees. The nest is cup-shaped; in some species, it is dome-shaped or built in tree hollows. A clutch contains two eggs or, more rarely, as many as five eggs. The incubation period is ten to 14 days, sometimes longer; the female incubates the eggs. The diet consists of insects and small succulent fruits. Birds of this family are often kept as cage birds. Some ornithologists regard the family Thraupidae as a subfamily of the family Emberizidae.

References in periodicals archive ?
Prior to knowledge of the phylogeny of Thraupidae, I categorized species of tanagers into one of the five categories of plumage listed above.
Mientras que, las familias mejores representadas en riqueza fueron: Columbidae, Furnaridae (ambas con cinco especies), Thraupidae y Tyrannidae (ambas con cuatro especies).
fuscus, the Thraupidae Thraupis bonariensis, and Emberezidae such as Catamenia inornata and Phrygilus plebejus, living around the guard park house.
Tyrannidae, Thraupidae y Ardeidae fueron las que presentaron mayor numero de especies tanto en los bosques como en las matrices (Fig.
mesomelas (+) APRB VA 308 Psarocolius wagleri (+) BPBS,BB,PA VA COEREBIDAE 309 Coereba flaveola BB,DB,BS VAR THRAUPIDAE 310 Tersina viridis DB VRC 311 Chlomphonia cyanea (+) BB,RB V 312 Euphonia cyanocephala (+) BB,BS V 313 E.
y R x Vireo altiloquus MN y R Hylophilus flavipes R x x x Hirundinidae Tachycineta albiventer R Progne chalybea R x x Hirundo rustica MN Polioptilidae Polioptila plumbea R x x x Turdidae Turdus flavipes R x Turdus nudigeniS R Mimidae Mimus gilvus R x x x Thraupidae Tachyphonus rufus R x x x Thraupis glaucocolpa R x x x Thraupis palmarum R x x x Conirostrum bicolor R Cyanerpes cyaneus R x Incertae sedis Tiaris bicolor R x x x Coereba flaveola R x x x Emberizidae Coryphospingus pileatus R Volatinia jacarina R x Sporophila minuta R Sicalis flaveola R Paroaria gularis R Cardinalidae Pheucticus ludovicianus MN Cardinalis phoeniceus R x x x Parulidae Parula pitiayumi R Dendroica petechia ([gamma]) R-E (?
Number Average of duration Family/Species visits of visits (a) Diet (b) Picidae 3 120 [+ or -] 30 INS Veniliornis passerinus Reichenbach 1845 Furnariidae 5 35 [+ or -] 12 INS Pseudoseisura cristata Spix 1824 Tyrannidae 5 22 [+ or -] 10 INS Machetomis rixosa Vieillot 1819 Mimidae 10 18 [+ or -] 5 OMN Mimus saturninus Lichtenstein 1823 Coerebidae 10 20 [+ or -] 8 OMN Coereba flaveola Linnaeus 1758 Thraupidae 8 30 [+ or -] 5 GRA Lanio pileatus Wied 1821 Paroaria dominicana 62 210 [+ or -] 20 GRA Linnaeus 1758 Icteridae 4 45 [+ or -] 8 FRU Icterus jamacaii Gmelin 1788 Fringillidae 28 180 [+ or -] 6 OMN Euphonia chlorotica Linnaeus 1766 Visitation frequency Average dispersal Family/Species (visits/h) distance (c) Picidae 0.
En la plantacion de aliso el 45% de las capturas totales correspondieron a especies de la familia Thraupidae (Hemispingus frontalis, Thraupis cyanocephala, Anisognathus lacrymosus, A.
Las familias con mayor riqueza fueron Tyrannidae (16 especies), Thraupidae (10) y Parulidae (10).