Tiananmen Square

(redirected from Tian'anmen Square)
Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to Tian'anmen Square: Forbidden City

Tiananmen Square,

large public square in BeijingBeijing
or Peking
, city and independent municipality (2010 pop. 19,612,368), capital of the People's Republic of China. It is in central Hebei prov., but constitutes an independent unit (6,564 sq mi/17,000 sq km) administered directly by the national government.
..... Click the link for more information.
, China, on the southern edge of the Inner or Tatar City. The square, named for its Gate of Heavenly Peace (Tiananmen), contains the monument to the heroes of the revolution, the Great Hall of the People, the National Museum of China, and the Chairman Mao Zedong Memorial Hall (with Mao's embalmed body). Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
..... Click the link for more information.
 proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic in the square on Oct. 1, 1949, an anniversary still observed there.

A massive demonstration for democratic reform, begun there by Chinese students in Apr., 1989, was brutally repressed on June 3 and 4. It was initiated to demand the posthumous rehabilitation of former Communist Party Chairman Hu YaobangHu Yaobang
, 1915–89, Chinese Communist political leader, b. Hunan prov. A protegé of Deng Xiaoping, Hu became general secretary of the Communist party in 1980 and party chairman in 1981, effectively replacing Hua Guofeng as leader of the Communist party.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The government was tolerant until after his funeral; then Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
or Teng Hsiao-p'ing
, 1904–97, Chinese revolutionary and government leader, b. Sichuan prov. Deng became a member of the Chinese Communist party while studying in France (1920–25) and later (1926) attended Sun Yatsen Univ., Moscow.
..... Click the link for more information.
 denounced the protests. The demonstrators were joined by workers, intellectuals, and civil servants, until over a million people filled the square. General Secretary Zhao ZiyangZhao Ziyang
or Chao Tzu-yang
, 1919–2005, Chinese Communist leader. He joined the party in 1938, was active as a local party leader during World War II, and by the 1960s was party secretary of Guangdong prov.
..... Click the link for more information.
 expressed sympathy, but lost out to Deng, who supported the use of military suppression. Martial law was declared on May 20. The protesters demanded that the leadership resign, but the government answered on June 3–4 with troops and tanks, killing thousands to quell a "counterrevolutionary rebellion." Zhao was dismissed and a number of the student leaders were arrested.

References in periodicals archive ?
CHINA TWO CENTRE Sanya China Travel (01256 863 060) offers eight day twin centre stay in Beijing and Xi'an from pounds 1,095, incl all flights, transfers, hotel accom, selected meals and sightseeing in Tian'anmen square, Forbidden City, Peking opera, Great Wall, Ming Tombs, ancient city wall and Grand Temple in Xi'an.
A military history of China; from the Manchu conquest to Tian'anmen Square.
Tian'anmen Square was a riot of red flags against blue skies.
Mixed in will be three to four days of sightseeing including visits to the Great Wall, the Forbidden City and Tian'anmen Square.
Must-sees include the immense Tian'anmen Square - the largest of its kind in the world - leading you into the amazing Imperial Palace or Forbidden City, as it became known.
Not only would the associations of Tian'anmen Square have been problematic for the Communist Party, but memories of the student protests that took place on December 9th, 1935, may have also been in their minds.
A uniformed security guard stands on duty at Tian'anmen Gate at the north end of Tian'anmen Square.
This was particularly noticeable in Beijing as we toured Tian'anmen Square, the Forbidden City and the Great Wall.
We got here on Tuesday and the following morning went to the Forbidden City and Tian'anmen Square,' said Mr Thorpe, who is retired.
DAME Kate Adie of Tian'anmen Square has been enjoying something of a renaissance of late.
In China KONE would supply elevators for the National Grand Theatre on Tian'anmen Square in Beijing and the Guangzhou New Baiyun.
In addition to visits to the Great Wall, the Ming Tombs, the Imperial Palace, Tian'Anmen Square, the Summer Palace and the Temple of Heaven, the group was hosted by Han Xu, former Chinese Ambassador to the U.