Tiananmen Square

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Related to Tiananmen Square: Forbidden City

Tiananmen Square,

large public square in BeijingBeijing
or Peking
, city and independent municipality (2010 pop. 19,612,368), capital of the People's Republic of China. It is in central Hebei prov., but constitutes an independent unit (6,564 sq mi/17,000 sq km) administered directly by the national government.
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, China, on the southern edge of the Inner or Tatar City. The square, named for its Gate of Heavenly Peace (Tiananmen), contains the monument to the heroes of the revolution, the Great Hall of the People, the National Museum of China, and the Chairman Mao Zedong Memorial Hall (with Mao's embalmed body). Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
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 proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic in the square on Oct. 1, 1949, an anniversary still observed there.

A massive demonstration for democratic reform, begun there by Chinese students in Apr., 1989, was brutally repressed on June 3 and 4. It was initiated to demand the posthumous rehabilitation of former Communist Party Chairman Hu YaobangHu Yaobang
, 1915–89, Chinese Communist political leader, b. Hunan prov. A protegé of Deng Xiaoping, Hu became general secretary of the Communist party in 1980 and party chairman in 1981, effectively replacing Hua Guofeng as leader of the Communist party.
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. The government was tolerant until after his funeral; then Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
or Teng Hsiao-p'ing
, 1904–97, Chinese revolutionary and government leader, b. Sichuan prov. Deng became a member of the Chinese Communist party while studying in France (1920–25) and later (1926) attended Sun Yatsen Univ., Moscow.
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 denounced the protests. The demonstrators were joined by workers, intellectuals, and civil servants, until over a million people filled the square. General Secretary Zhao ZiyangZhao Ziyang
or Chao Tzu-yang
, 1919–2005, Chinese Communist leader. He joined the party in 1938, was active as a local party leader during World War II, and by the 1960s was party secretary of Guangdong prov.
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 expressed sympathy, but lost out to Deng, who supported the use of military suppression. Martial law was declared on May 20. The protesters demanded that the leadership resign, but the government answered on June 3–4 with troops and tanks, killing thousands to quell a "counterrevolutionary rebellion." Zhao was dismissed and a number of the student leaders were arrested.

References in periodicals archive ?
The entire process was videotaped, and the birds were then loaded into sealed vehicles for the trip to Tiananmen Square, the newspaper said.
With the 25th anniversary of Tiananmen Square just a few months away, Cui Jian had appeared to be a risky, political choice for such a primetime performance.
With the 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square protests approaching this spring, Shao and people around the world are remembering the massacre and trying to make sense of its legacy.
The incident comes after the attack in Tiananmen Square late October, in which three ethnic Uygurs from Xinjiang drove a jeep to crash into a crowd of people, killing two people and injuring another 40, which Chinese police said "carefully planned, organized and premeditated attack.
Rizalina Bunyi, who died on the spot at Tiananmen Square on Monday should be brought home soonest, urged Dr.
The incident took place at the north end of Tiananmen Square, near an entrance to the Forbidden City.
According to The Apple Daily, Chen was identified as "poet and photographer Chen Xi," before his cremation Monday, to cover the untimely death just two days before the 24th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre.
A broadcast from Beijing's Tiananmen Square has turned into a bizarre television experience for British viewers after a Sky News reporter and his camera operator were detained by authorities - live.
BEIJING, Dhu-AlQa'dah 3, 1432, Oct 1, 2011, SPA -- Almost 120,000 people crowded Beijing's Tiananmen Square Saturday for a flag-raising ceremony for China's National Day, according to UPI.
1989: Massacre in Tiananmen Square The Chinese army storms a mass demonstration in Tiananmen Square, killing several hundred people.
WASHINGTON, June 2 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Speaker Nancy Pelosi issued the following statement today to commemorate the 21st anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre in Beijing on June 4, 1989:
HONG Kong police have seized a second statue dedicated to victims of the 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown in what critics have called an attack on freedom of expression.