Timar


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Timar

 

a conditional hereditary fief in the Ottoman Empire during the Middle Ages. A timar was granted from state lands to someone who performed military service accompanied by armed horsemen—one horseman for every 3,000 aspers (silver coins of small denomination) of income. The holder of a timar (the timariot) was obliged to serve in the Turkish Army’s campaigns. The size of a timar could be increased in return for special services rendered by the timariot.

In the 1830’s, the timar system was abolished, since it had become unworkable as a result of the timariots’ appropriating the timars and refusing to do military service in return.

REFERENCES

Tveritinova, A. S. Agrarnyi stroi Osmanskoi imperil XV–XVII vv. Moscow, 1963. (Contains bibliography.)
Mutafčieva, V., and S. Dimitrov. Sur l’Etat du système des timars des XVII–XVIII siècles. Sofia, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Part 3 of her book, Timar addresses Coleridge's conception of habit "as a partial solution" (107) to the "opposition between freedom and compulsion, will and stimulatability, agency and passivity.
Fatah Timar has another opinion though, he says that everything inside us was for Kurdistan at first, but now we want to be part of the German society.
PLYMOUTH: Larrieu 7 - Summerfield 6 (Judge, 71mins, 6), McNamee 7, Seip 7, Timar 7 - *PATERSON 8, Fletcher 6, MacLean, 6 (Duguid, 66mins, 6), Sawyer 6 - Mackie 7, Fallon 7.
Pat's yer lot: United's Jim Paterson (left) battles Prince Buaben to clear while (inset) Arabs skipper Lee Wilkie is pipped to the ball by Kriztian Timar
And although the cast is sticking with English while it creates the piece--"from a pragmatic perspective, it's just easier to speak English during rehearsals than Yoruba," Timar observes--Babel's final version will also include Arabic, Russian, Ethiopian, Greek (both modern and ancient), Chinese and six other languages.
Kovacs, Eva Kreiter, Denes Bernath, Ildiko Incze, Eva Timar, Eniko Detar, Laszlo Szacsvay, Peter Haumann, Karoly Rekasi, Istvan Hajdu, Akos "Batka" Kiraly, Zsuzsa Ulmann.
But his analysis of the timar system and the later mukataa system of tax-farming has the merit of demonstrating that, once beyond the Dinaric range of the Balkans, one is truly outside Europe.
Tenders are invited for Protection of Guard wall from Mall Road bridge to Timar Pur Bridge Right side of N.
One of those studying STEM at Middlesbrough College is Greta Timar.
Nevertheless, he is still forced to declare that we do not yet know enough about what happened, although he concludes that the legendary biographies of Timar will illuminate this crisis and therefore must be set against it.
Les plus fortes hausses ont ete realisees par Timar (+6 pc a 365,75 DH), Sothema (+5,98 pc a 1.