Timbuktu


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Timbuktu

(tĭm'bŭkto͞o`, tĭmbŭk`to͞o), city (1987 pop. 31,925), central Mali, near the Niger River. Connected with the Niger by a series of canals, Timbuktu is served by the small river port of Kabara. Its salt trade and handicraft industries make it an important meeting place for the nomadic people of the Sahara.

Timbuktu was founded (11th cent.) by the TuaregTuareg
or Touareg
, Berbers of the Sahara, numbering c.2 million. They have preserved their ancient alphabet, which is related to that used by ancient Libyans.
..... Click the link for more information.
 as a seasonal camp. By the 14th cent., when it was part of the Mali empire (see History under MaliMali
, officially Republic of Mali, independent republic (2005 est. pop. 12,292,000), 478,764 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km), the largest country in W Africa. Mali is bordered on the north by Algeria, on the east and southeast by Niger, on the south by Burkina Faso and Côte
..... Click the link for more information.
), it had become one of the major commercial centers of the W Sudan region, famous for its gold trade. Under the SonghaiSonghai
or Songhay
, largest of the former empires in the western Sudan region of N Africa. The state was founded (c.700) by Berbers on the Middle Niger, in what is now central Mali. The rulers accepted Islam c.1000.
..... Click the link for more information.
 empire (15th and 16th cent.) the city was a great Muslim educational center, with more than 100 Qur'anic schools and a university centered at the Sankoré mosque, one of three great mosques there that are outstanding examples of local earthen buildings.

Timbuktu was sacked in 1593 by invaders from Morocco and never again recovered its leading position. It was repeatedly conquered by neighboring peoples until it was captured (1894) by the French. In recent years it has been threatened by the desertification of the surrounding region, and in 2012–13 it and the rest of N Mali was seized by Tuareg and Islamist rebels. After the Islamists gained ascendancy over their Tuareg allies, they destroyed city shrines to local Sufi saints (later rebuilt) as well as some of the city's ancient manuscripts.

Timbuktu

 

(also Tombouctou), a city in Mali, on the left bank of the Niger River. Population, 10,400 (1969). Timbuktu is a junction of caravan routes and a center for trade in salt, dates, and tobacco. The city was founded in the 11th or 12th century as a transfer point for caravan trade. In the 13th through 15th centuries Timbuktu was the most important economic and cultural center of the medieval state of Mali and, at the turn of the 16th century, of the Songhai kingdom. In 1893 the French seized Timbuktu. Its economic significance declined in the 20th century.

Timbuktu’s architectural monuments include numerous tombs and several important mosques—Dyingueré Ber (begun in the 13th century and rebuilt several times; it contains a series of courtyards and halls divided by columns), Sankoré (begun in the 14th century and rebuilt from the 16th through 18th centuries), and Sidi-Yahia (built circa 1440 and later restored). Timbuktu also has a museum of local lore.

Timbuktu

fabled land of wealth and splendor. [Eur. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 1084]

Timbuktu

figuratively, the end of the earth. [Am. Usage: NCE, 2749]

Timbuktu

a town in central Mali, on the River Niger: terminus of a trans-Saharan caravan route; a great Muslim centre (14th--16th centuries). Pop.: 31 925 (latest est.)

Timbuktu

Popular remote control software for Windows and the Mac from Netopia, Inc., a Motorola company, Emeryville, CA (www.netopia.com). Timbuktu supports AppleTalk, TCP/IP, IPX, Skype software and Apple Remote Access protocols as well as direct dial up. Users can control, view and transfer files between Macs and Windows.
References in periodicals archive ?
Recognizing its significance as a site of African architecture and of its scholarly past, UNESCO declared Timbuktu a World Heritage Site in 1990.
She said: "One of the highlights for me was when I spent time in the house of Alexander Gordon Laing in Timbuktu.
A UN peacekeeper stands guard at the Djinguereber mosque during a visit by a UN delegation on election day in Timbuktu
Islamist militants, who briefly held the city of Timbuktu in 2012 until French forces drove them out, have stepped up attacks in Mali in recent months as part of a growing regional insurgency.
In April 2012, Beatrice Stockly was kidnapped by armed members of the extremist group Ansar Dine from a house in Timbuktu.
Football too is banned but if you acknowledge that the sport was forbidden -- as one Timbuktu football fan learns when he goes before the judge -- he may decide not to have you flogged.
Pour la Cinematheque de Tanger qui fonctionne en contre-champ de la distribution dominante, Timbuktu figure en bonne compagnie puisque la programmation de ce mois comprend egalement d'autres titres nobles comme Le sel de la terre, le tres beau documentaire de Wim Wenders ou encore Winter Sleep le coup de coeur cannois de cette annee de l'enfant doue du cinema turc Nuri Bilge Ceylan; egalement le prodigieux Sur la planche de Leila Kilani-heureux qui comme les tangerois
Timbuktu depicts the arrival of a fundamentalist and absolutist Islam in that famed city, which, one notes, had converted to Islam nearly a millennium ago and has for centuries served as a meeting point of the cultures and civilizations of Northern and sub-Saharan Africa.
As the title hints, a special emphasis of the book is on the realities of global migration, though Granberg-Michaelson is actually interested in how migrants bring new forms of Christianity from places like Timbuktu, the statistical center of Christianity in 2010, to Times Square.
During his visit, the Commissioner will launch a new programme to rebuild and protect the cultural heritage of Timbuktu and visit a Back to School project that is expected to benefit 200,000 school children aged 3-18 years.
Ballydoyle will be strongly represented in six of the seven races on this fascinating card and Timbuktu, unlucky when beaten on her recent debut over course and distance, should prove very tough to beat in the Dragon Pulse 2-Y-0 Fillies Maiden.
It said managers of Malian banks had approved the reopening of the Agency of central bank of West African states (BCEAO) in Mopti, 670km north of Bamako, and the branches of national banks in Gao, Timbuktu and Kidal.