Tinian(redirected from Tinian Island)
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Related to Tinian Island: Saipan Island
Tinian(tĭnēăn`, tēnēän`), island (2010 pop. 3,136), 39 sq mi (101 sq km), W Pacific, one of the Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana Islands
, officially Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, a self-governing entity in association with the United States (2010 pop. 53,883), c.185 sq mi (479 sq km), comprising 16 islands (6 inhabited) of the Marianas chain (all except Guam), in the W
..... Click the link for more information. . The island lies immediately SW of Saipan. The inhabitants are of mixed Micronesian, Filipino, and Spanish descent. Tinian's once large phosphate deposits have been depleted. Vegetable gardening is now the main occupation, but attempts have been made to raise large numbers of cattle. In World War II Tinian was taken (1944) by U.S. forces and made into an important military base for attacks on the Japanese mainland. The planes that dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were flown from Tinian.