Tissue Fluid

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Tissue Fluid


(also called interstitial fluid), the fluid in the intercellular and pericellular areas of tissues and organs in animals and man. Tissue fluid bathes all tissue elements and, together with the blood and lymph, constitutes the body’s internal medium. The cells absorb necessary nutrients from the tissue fluid and discharge metabolic products into it.

The chemical composition and the physical and biological properties of tissue fluid differ in the various organs and correspond to the organs’ morphological and functional characteristics. Tissue fluid is similar to blood plasma, but contains less protein (about 1.5 g per 100 ml) and different proportions of electrolytes, enzymes, and metabolites. The composition and properties of tissue fluid have a specific homeostasis, which protects organ and tissue cells from the effects of changes in blood composition.

Nutrients essential for the tissues enter the tissue fluid from the blood, and metabolites are removed from the tissue fluid through the histohematic connective tissue barrier. When the tissue fluid flows from the organs into the lymphatics, it becomes lymph. The volume of tissue fluid in a rabbit amounts to 23–25 percent of the body mass; in man it amounts to 23–29 percent, with an average of 26.5 percent. Many histologists regard as tissue fluids the cerebrospinal fluid, the pericardial fluid, the fluid of the anterior chamber of the eye, and the fluid of the pleural cavity.

References in periodicals archive ?
1) When adequately pre-warmed, it is significantly less likely that your specimens will be hemolyzed or contaminated by tissue fluids.
Studies on the quality of specimens obtained by skin puncture of children: Tendency to hemolysis, and hemoglobin and tissue fluid as contaminants.
But some people don't pass enough, or produce more in the first place, so the level of uric acid in blood and tissue fluids is higher.
ABLISTERS result from constant rubbing which loosens the top layer of skin to form a pocket where tissue fluids collect.
Lymph is collected from tissue fluids throughout the body and returned to the blood via the lymphatic system.