Tisza


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Tisza

(tĭs`ə), Serbian Tisa (tē`sä), Rus. Tissa or Tisa (both: tĭs`ə), Ger. Theiss (tīs), river, c.600 mi (970 km) long, formed by two headstreams in the Carpathians, W Ukraine. It flows generally S across E Hungary, past Szolnok and Szeged, into N Serbia, where it enters the Danube River E of Novi Sad. The Körös and Mureşul rivers are its chief tributaries. There are hydroelectric facilities on the river in Hungary. The Tisza is navigable for small craft to Szolnok and is also used to float timber.

Tisza

 

(also Tisa), a river in the USSR, Hungary, and Yugoslavia and partly along the border between the USSR and Rumania as well as between Hungary and Czechoslovakia; the largest left tributary of the Danube. The Tisza is 966 km long and drains an area of 157,100 sq km, of which 46 percent is in Rumania and 30 percent in Hungary. Rising in the Eastern Carpathians, the river flows for most of its course along the Middle Danube Plain. Its chief tributaries, joining it on the left, are the Szamos, Körös, and Mureş.

The Tisza is fed by snow and rain; the high-water period is in March and April, with occasional summer rain freshets; the winter discharge is insignificant. The freeze-up period varies in duration, lasting from one to months in cold winters. The mean flow rate along the river’s lower course, near Senta in Yugoslavia, is 810 cu m per sec. Severe flooding sometimes occurs in the Tisza River basin; the latest was in 1970. Water from the Tisza and from its tributaries is widely used for irrigation. In Hungary, the hydroengineering complexes of Tiszalok and Kiskóre (with a reservoir approximately 30 km long) were built on the Tisza. Numerous irrigation canals extend from the river into the Alfóld, or Great Hungarian Lowland. The river is navigable as far as Tisza-karád, in Hungary; in its upper reaches, it is used for floating timber. Cities located on the Tisza include Khust in the USSR and Tiszafüred, Szolnok, and Szeged in Hungary.

A. P. MURANOV

Tisza

a river in S central Europe, rising in W Ukraine and flowing west, forming part of the border between Ukraine and Romania, then southwest across Hungary into Serbia to join the Danube north of Belgrade
References in periodicals archive ?
3) Department of Tisza River Research, Danube Research Institute, Centre for Ecological Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Bern ter 18/c, H-4026 Debrecen, Hungary.
This urban development took place along the straight axis linking the train station and the bridge on the Tisza river.
AMS radiocarbon dates were taken from samples of human bone, animal bone and charcoal from four cemeteries, one settlement and one enclosure in the upper Tisza basin of the Great Hungarian Plain (Figure 1; Table 1).
1 meeting point for the photovoltaic sector in the euro-region Danube - Cris - Mures - Tisza, will host the 2 days conference, 6th-7th of March 2013: PV Platform Romania - Changes & Risks.
In the central area of the country, in particular in the vicinity of the Tisza river, i changed into e (geda), which also influenced the gido variant.
Rainwater harvesting on Greek islands, projects on the Volga, Tisza, Vistula, Gacka, Sava and Danube rivers also received praise from governments and NGOs.
They believe that the red sludge disaster may well dwarf the measurable effects of a massive cyanide contamination of the River Tisza, a tributary of the Danube, in 2000.
A Greenpeace expert said the impact from the mud spill could be much worse than a cyanide spill at Baia Mare in Romania 10 years ago, when cyanide-tainted water was discharged from a gold mine reservoir, polluting the Tisza and Danube rivers.
Among the topics are political and economic apertures and the shifting state-citizen relationship in reforming Mexico's national water policy, establishing water user associations in large-scale canal irrigation systems in India, the contribution of actors to achieving sustainability in Australia through water policy transition, strategies for transition management in South African water and mining policy, introducing floodplain rehabilitation and rural development into the water policy for Tisza River in Hungary, and transition in flood management in Germany's Rhine basin.
Among these facts were the great antiSemitic trials of his time, all examples of state injustice: the Tisza trial (Hungary 1882), the Dreyfus trial (France 1894-1899), the Hilsner trial (Czechoslovakia, 18991900) and the Beiliss trial (Russia, 1912-13).
In the absence of fields, the first law of thermodynamics (Plank, 1926; Callen, 1960; Gibbs, 1961; Kirkwood and Oppenheim, 1961; Lewis and Randall, 1961; Hatsopoulos and Keenan, 1965; Kestin, 1966; Tisza, 1966; Prausnitz, 1969; Modell and Reid, 1983; Guggenheim, 1988; Gyftopoulos and Beretta, 1991; Denbigh, 1993) relates the change in internal energy of a system to the changes that occur at its boundaries.
63) The Banat region is primarily an agricultural region, bordered on the east by Transylvania and Walachia, on the west by the Tisza River, on the north by the Muresul River, and on the south by the Danube.