Title IX

(redirected from Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972)

Title IX,

clause of the Educational Amendments of 1972 that reads: "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance." Title IX has led to equal treatment of men and women in a great variety of federally-funded activities but it has received the most notice by far as it applies to high school and college sports. Title IX was controversial from its inception, but several amendments aimed at weakening it have been consistently voted down. The Office for Civil Rights in the Dept. of Education is responsible for enforcing athletic parity under Title IX.

Title IX's requirement that men's and women's sports be funded in fair proportion propelled an enormous growth in women's sports and helped produce many first-class female athletes beginning in the late 20th cent. The implementation of Title IX has also, on occasion, led to the curtailment of some men's sports when institutions have chosen to achieve parity in part by reducing expenditures on men. A 2003 federal study recommended that there be changes in the law that would insure that opportunities for female athletes did not come at the expense of male athletes. Four years later another study revealed that since the passage of Title IX there had been an overall decrease in the number of male athletes competing in NCAA Division I sports, but that this loss was more than offset by gains in Divisions II and III.

Bibliography

See studies by J. Gavora (2002), L. J. Carpenter and R. V. Acosta (2004), W. Suggs (2006), E. McDonagh and L. Pappano (2007), N. Mitchell and L. A. Ennis (2007), and A. Zimbalist and N. Hogshead-Makar (2007).

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Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits schools that receive federal funding from discriminating on the basis of sex.
The parties agree to comply with Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Executive Order 11,246, American Disabilities Act of 1990 and the related regulations to each.
Among other protections, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits sex discrimination, sexual harassment and sexual assault in education programs and activities in K-12 and higher education.
com/story/2016/05/obama-administration-title-ix-transgender-student-rights-223149) directive  allowing transgender kids to choose which facilities to use, based on protections under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, was applied to all schools in the country this past May.
In a May letter, the Obama administration advised educators that it believes Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 requires public schools, when offering sex-segregated facilities, to accommodate students' gender expression.
The intimidating letter cites, in an attempt to justify its strong-arm tactics, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.
Also, the Education Department announced new grants for Developing Hispanic-Serving Institutions and Native Youth Community Projects, released a Competency-Based Education (CBE) Experiment Reference Guide for institutions participating in the agency's 2014 CBE experimental site initiative, and entered into a resolution agreement with the University of Virginia to ensure the university's handling of sexual violence and harassment complies with the requirements of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.
The Development of Sport as a Policy Issue in Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.
Most prominently, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 forbids pregnancy discrimination.
on the UO campus; their topic will be "The New Anti-Rape Movement on Campus: Networked Survivors Fighting for Reform"; as professors at Occidental College in Los Angeles, they took the lead on a complaint last April alleging that the college violated Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which prohibits sex-based discrimination in institutions receiving federal funds; free; sponsored by UO Center for the Study of Women in Society; 541-346-5077 or csws.
The remainder of this article offers a brief glimpse at this convoluted regulatory world by focusing on two of its most important parts: federal supervision of educational institutions under Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act (18) and Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 becomes law, greatly expanding opportunities for female college athletes.