Tlingit


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Tlingit

(tlĭng`gĭt), group of related Native North American tribes, speaking a language that forms a branch of the Nadene linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). The 14 divisions of the Tlingit may reflect a former era when they were entirely independent tribes. Important among the divisions are the Chilkat, the Yakutat, the Stikine, the Sitka, the Auk, and the Huna. In 1741, when visited by Aleksei Chirikov and Vitus Bering, the Tlingit lived in SE Alaska, along the coast and on the islands around Sitka, S to Prince of Wales Island and N to the Copper River. The Russians built (1799) a fort near the site of Sitka, but the indigenous inhabitants drove them out. Aleksandr BaranovBaranov, Aleksandr Andreyevich
, 1747–1819, Russian trader, chief figure in the period of Russian control in Alaska. When his Siberian business faltered, Baranov accepted (1790) an offer to become managing agent of a Russian fur-trading company on Kodiak Island.
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, however, later captured the fort, killing many native people. He established a trading post there, which grew into Sitka. There was constant strife between the Tlingit and the Russians in the early 19th cent. In 1990 there were about 14,400 Tlingit in the United States, mostly in native villages in Alaska. Around 1,200 live on reserves in British Columbia and Yukon. Tlingit culture, like that of the Haida and the Tsimshian, was typical of the Northwest Coast area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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). Some of their finely carved totem poles survive, and the Tlingit still carry on many of their traditional dances. The name is also spelled Tlinget, Tlinkit, and Tlinket.

Bibliography

See L. Jones, A Study of the Tlingets of Alaska (1914, repr. 1970); T. M. Durlach, The Relationship Systems of the Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian (1928, repr. 1974); R. L. Olsen, Social Structure and Social Life of the Tlingit in Alaska (1967); F. De Laguna, Under Mount Saint Elias (1972).

Tlingit

 

an American Indian tribe of seafaring fishermen and hunters; former inhabitants of the southeastern coast of Alaska and the neighboring islands. The Tlingit language belongs to the Na-Dene linguistic family. Tlingit society was marked by hereditary slavery and social inequality, and it was organized along the lines of a military democracy; it was divided into totemic phratries and clans with matrilineal descent and inheritance. There are Tlingits living today in some of Alaska’s villages and cities; they are primarily fishermen, lumberjacks, and construction workers.

REFERENCE

Averkieva, Iu. P. Indeitsy Severnoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1974.
References in periodicals archive ?
Eventually, the Tlingit were invited back, to help supply the invaluable fur of the sea otter, much prized for its warmth and luxurious softness.
That same day in Sitka, a decidedly less celebratory event was occurring at the Sheet'ka Kwaan Naa Kahidi, a traditional Tlingit long house operated by the Sitka Tribe of Alaska and used for many public events.
Archaeologists have found Huna Tlingit artifacts in the Glacier Bay area from as early as 1250, and according to the tribe's lore, their people have inhabited the region much longer than that.
The Tlingit communities on both sides of the Canadian and U.
Fierce guardians of a rich homeland, the northern Tlingit drew a bold line that prohibited any white settlement.
Community members in the Yakutat Tlingit project aim to accomplish the following with this language restoration program:
If, as Bruyneel argues, the spatial and temporal logics of colonialism supposed Native sovereignty to exist outside the nation, and if claims to sovereignty are reduced to archaic rather than modern times, Kayamori's representations explode the inside-outside and traditional-modern binaries by showing Tlingit people engaged in everyday and multifaceted responses to colonial change, irreducible to essentialized notions of timeless cultural practice or assimilation ist inevitability.
Gmelch's research into the Tlingit experience stems from a summer spent in Alaska on the Alsek River and in the village of Yakutat in 1982.
The Alaskan Tlingit clan wants its collection of tribal artifacts back from the University of Pennsylvania and it's threatening to sue to get it.
Schooler takes readers along on his solo journey into the wilds, which he explores by boat, inflatable kayak and foot, recounting his adventures with asides on the history of the Alaskan coastline, tales of the local Tlingit Indians and memories of the life he temporarily left behind.
For example, the Tlingit were the first group to form a council to govern their people in North America under Chief Shaikes in California.