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Related to To-infinitive: bare infinitive


An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. It is “unmarked” (which means that it is not conjugated for tense or person), and it is preceded by the particle to.
Infinitives are known as non-finite verbs, meaning they do not express actions being performed by the subjects of clauses. Instead, infinitives function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs to describe actions as ideas.
Infinitives are distinct from a similar construction known as bare infinitives or the base forms of verbs, which are simply infinitives without the particle to.
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see moodmood
or mode,
in verb inflection, the forms of a verb that indicate its manner of doing or being. In English the forms are called indicative (for direct statement or question or to express an uncertain condition, e.g.
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; tensetense
[O.Fr., from Lat.,=time], in the grammar of many languages, a category of time distinctions expressed by any conjugated form of a verb. In Latin inflection the tense of a verb is indicated by a suffix that also indicates the verb's voice, mood, person, and number.
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an indefinite form of the verb that can function syntactically as the substantive to provide the general name for an action or process, in many languages without reference to person, number, tense, or mood. It can have aspect, voice, and sometimes tense. A number of languages have various forms of the infinitive.

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The purpose of the preceding discussion was to provide an explanation for the introduction of for before the to-infinitive.
The infinitive orare is rendered into to-infinitive, infinitive, or "and + preterite".
In crude terms, numbers indicate what may follow the verb and have the same meaning irrespective of the verb symbol which they follow, namely: [empty set] -- no complement or object, 1 -- one or two noun or pronoun objects or complements, 2 -- a bare infinitive, 3 -- a to-infinitive, 4 -- an -ing form, 5 -- a that-clause, 6 -- a clause or a phrase introduced by a wh-word, 7 -- an adjectival complement or a noun object followed by an adjectival complement, 8 -- an -ed form, 9 -- an obligatory adjunct, usually a phrase used adverbially (LDOCE1: xxxiii-xxxiv).
It must be pointed out that verbs of perception subcategorise for bare infinitives (on a par with some of the predicates illustrated in (10) above), whereas the main structures that we are concerned with in this paper take a to-infinitive.