infinitive

(redirected from To-infinitive)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to To-infinitive: bare infinitive

infinitive

An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. It is “unmarked” (which means that it is not conjugated for tense or person), and it is preceded by the particle to.
Infinitives are known as non-finite verbs, meaning they do not express actions being performed by the subjects of clauses. Instead, infinitives function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs to describe actions as ideas.
Infinitives are distinct from a similar construction known as bare infinitives or the base forms of verbs, which are simply infinitives without the particle to.
Continue reading...

infinitive:

see moodmood
or mode,
in verb inflection, the forms of a verb that indicate its manner of doing or being. In English the forms are called indicative (for direct statement or question or to express an uncertain condition, e.g.
..... Click the link for more information.
; tensetense
[O.Fr., from Lat.,=time], in the grammar of many languages, a category of time distinctions expressed by any conjugated form of a verb. In Latin inflection the tense of a verb is indicated by a suffix that also indicates the verb's voice, mood, person, and number.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Infinitive

 

an indefinite form of the verb that can function syntactically as the substantive to provide the general name for an action or process, in many languages without reference to person, number, tense, or mood. It can have aspect, voice, and sometimes tense. A number of languages have various forms of the infinitive.

References in periodicals archive ?
In turn, the lexical features correspond to the--s and--(e)d inflections for 3rd person singular and simple past, respectively, the presence of non-finite forms, the use of do-support for negation and inversion and the to-infinitive complementation.
On historical grounds, the verb make has progressively developed towards the eventual adoption of o to such an extent that in Present-Day English the use of the to-infinitive is significantly restricted to passive constructions such as he was made to .
The difference between the prepositional variants and the reciprocal variants lies in the fact that the latter usually implies that a new entity is involved, very often explicitly specified in the syntax either in the form of a prepositional phrase or a to-infinitive purpose clause.
The purpose of the preceding discussion was to provide an explanation for the introduction of for before the to-infinitive.
One of the goals of this paper will be to extend her analysis and explore the potential of the notion of assertion to explain the properties of to-infinitive complement clauses as well.
At other times, the adjective is complemented by a to-infinitive when the writers evaluate research processes (these theoretical models are difficult to quantify; very hard to publish; very difficult to find).
The infinitive orare is rendered into to-infinitive, infinitive, or "and + preterite".
But Los (1999) has recently offered compelling evidence that the to-infinitive, although a purposive PP initially, came to be regarded as the non-finite counterpart of subjunctive purpose clauses.
One of these phenomena is the obligatory deletion of a subcategorised preposition before a that-clause or a to-infinitive.
Nevertheless, whether it is the to-infinitive or the zero-infinitive that is instantiated, or whether a verb subcategorises for accusative or dative, etc.
P] (dado A hacer algo) S + V + WONT + O + (A) O = to-infinitive The old couple were wont to play backgammon