Tobit


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Tobit

(tō`bĭt) [Gr. from Heb. Tobijah=God is my good], book of the Old Testament ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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, not included in the Hebrew Bible. It is the account of Tobit, a devout Jew in exile, and of his son Tobias. Despite his many good works, Tobit is mysteriously blinded and despairingly begs God to take his life. At the same time in Ecbatana one Sara, who is afflicted by a demon (Asmodeus=destroyer) that has killed her seven husbands on their wedding night, also asks God for death. God hears both prayers and sends the archangel Raphael to help. Sent by his father on business to a distant city, the young Tobias and his dog are guided by Raphael (in the form of a young man) to the house of Sara. There Tobias marries Sara and, following Raphael's instructions, exorcises the demon. They return to his home, where Tobias cures his father's blindness. The book ends with Tobit's prophecy of the restoration of Jerusalem and the return of the exiles. The story inculcates ideals of benevolence, marriage, and prayer, with assurances that God is a God of mercy toward the long-suffering righteous and punishes the wicked. The ancient texts are of great diversity; hence, the various English versions materially differ in detail. Fragments of the book in Aramaic and Hebrew have been found at QumranQumran
, ancient village on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea, in what is now the Israeli-occupied West Bank. It is famous for its caves, in some of which the Dead Sea Scrolls were found. Archaeological work at Qumran has yielded a profile of its history.
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. The work was probably composed c.175 B.C. The young Tobias and his dog with the angel have been a favorite subject of Christian iconography.

Bibliography

For bibliography, see ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Tobit

sparrow guano falls into his eyes while sleeping. [Apocrypha: Tobit 2:10]

Tobit

Old Testament
1. a pious Jew who was released from blindness through the help of the archangel Raphael
2. a book of the Apocrypha relating this story
References in periodicals archive ?
When households are not necessarily potential consumers of the donated goods, the Tobit model cannot properly handle zero observations of the dependent variables.
Tobit Regression: In order to find the rational for the efficiency disparities across the farms of the study area Tobit model was used.
In order to examine the impact of these socioeconomic and farm-specific variables on inefficiency estimates, the following Tobit regression model was used:
0, StataCorp LP, College Station, TX), are delineated in Table 3, where Models 1 and 2 represent estimation results according to a random-effects panel Tobit model, with export proportion and export quota as the dependent variables.
However, the Tobit method performs adequately under such conditions (Barclay, Smith & Watts, 1995).
Yet such records are telling when considered alongside the Piero di Luca Borsi and Torre di Guardamorto foundation myths; the Via dei Macci re-foundation account that also informs the preamble to the 1489 statutes; the several attestations by both Church and state of the confraternity having effectively fulfilled its self-imposed obligations during that later period in dealing with the effects of the plague; and the various references to Tobit among the statutes of the reestablished Misericordia that clearly evoke and reaffirm the reverence shown to him in an earlier era, as revealed in company documents from the second half of the trecento.
Note, however, that this result could not be replicated in the fixed-effects and Tobit models.
On the other hand, the random effects Tobit model for workers shows no statistically significant coefficients associated with membership in higher variance groups or in groups with a higher probability of generating productivity less than the mean.
Tobit multiple regression analysis on overall data (n = 8,281): relative change in detection rate.
For finding the efficiency determinants for Indian banks, the researchers have run Tobit regression model due to the censored nature of the dependent variable.
Using random-effects tobit regression models, the article tests to what extent a number of past structural factors could limit or facilitate elite behavior as political actors make decisions in specific historical and institutional environments.