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Tochigi(tō`chĭgē), prefecture (1990 pop. 1,935,186), central Honshu, Japan. UtsunomiyaUtsunomiya
, city (1990 pop. 426,809), capital of Tochigi prefecture, central Honshu, Japan. A tobacco-processing center and tourist resort, it has industries that produce aircraft, railway cars, and paper. Landmarks include the Peace Cannon statue and the 9th-century Oyaji temple.
..... Click the link for more information. (the capital), AshikagaAshikaga
, city (1990 pop. 167,686), Tochigi prefecture, central Honshu, Japan. An old silk-weaving center, it is famous for its spinning and nylon textile industries. The city is also the ancestral home of the Ashikaga shoguns (1338–1597).
..... Click the link for more information. , Oyama, KanumaKanuma
, city (1990 pop. 90,043), Tochigi prefecture, central Honshu, Japan. It is an industrial center where housewares, furniture, and processed food are produced.
..... Click the link for more information. , and Sano are the chief cities. Its many fertile river plains yield rice, wheat, and tobacco. Cattle are raised and copper and manganese are mined. Automobiles, ceramics, processed foods, silk, and electrical appliances are also produced there. In the mountainous area of W Tochigi is Nikko National Park.
a prefecture in Japan, in the central part of Honshu Island. Area, 6,400 sq km. Population, 1,698,000 (1975), of which about half is urban. The administrative center is the city of Utsunomiya.
More than half of Tochigi Prefecture is mountainous; the highest peak is the volcano Shirane (up to 2,578 m). The lowlands in the south and southeast are irrigated by the Kinu, Naka, and other rivers. The prefecture’s economy is agrarian-industrial. Among the leading branches of industry are electric machine building (27 percent of the prefecture’s industrial production in 1970), nonferrous metallurgy (12 percent), food and condiments (10 percent), transportation machine building (11 percent), general machine building (9 percent), textiles, and chemicals. Copper is mined at the Ashio deposit, the largest in Japan, and limestone and dolomite are quarried in the Kuzu-Nabeyama region, which produces 95 percent of Japan’s output. Fluorite and manganese are also mined.
The prefecture’s main agricultural crop is rice. In 1971 the sown area was 92,000 hectares, and the harvest was 344,000 tons. Other agriculture includes vegetable growing, fruit growing, floriculture, and dairy and meat livestock raising. Traditional lacquerware is produced in Nikko, stone carvings are produced in Utsunomiya, and rice paper is manufactured in Karasuyama. Part of the Nikko National Park is located in Tochigi Prefecture, which also is an area of tourism.