Tolyatti

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Tolyatti

(tōlyĕät`tē), city (1989 pop. 631,000), W European Russia, on the Volga River, near Samara. It is the site of Russia's largest automobile factory, which receives its power from the hydroelectric dam near Zhigulyovsk. Other manufactures include heavy machinery, artificial fibers, and synthetic rubber. Founded at the riverside community of Stavropol, it was moved to higher ground following the 1957 completion of the dam. Renamed Novy [new] Stavropol, it grew rapidly in population. In 1964 it was renamed Tolyatti, after the Italian Communist party leader Palmiro TogliattiTogliatti, Palmiro
, 1893–1964, Italian Communist leader. A lawyer, he helped found the Italian Communist party in 1921. He lived in Moscow for many years after the Fascist takeover. Under the pseudonym Ercole Ercoli he wrote and worked for the Comintern.
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, and the city's name sometimes appears as Togliatti.
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